Annotated Bibliography: The Interpersonal Theory Of Suicide

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Annotated Bibliography
Working Thesis: The gender pressures pushed on men by society are preventing men from seeking help from depression, which in turn leads men to have a higher suicide rate then women’, this must change.
Mandracchia, Jon T., and Phillip N. Smith. "The Interpersonal Theory Of Suicide
Applied To Male Prisoners." Suicide And Life-Threatening Behavior 45.3 (2015):
293-301. PsycINFO. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.
In this study researchers looked into 39 male prisoners and their suicide rates. They used interpersonal theory to aid in their experimental design to rule out factors for the suicide rates that they could not control. They examined thwart belongingness and perceived burdensomeness and controlled for emptions of depression
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Smith, and Candice N. Selwyn. "Acquired Capability
And Masculine Gender Norm Adherence: Potential Pathways To Higher Rates Of
Male Suicide."Psychology Of Men & Masculinity 16.3 (2015): 246-
253.PsycINFO. Web. 26 Oct. 2015.
This study uses the interpersonal theory by saying that those that die by suicide must be fearless of death and be able to tolerate the physical pain involved in suicide. This study uses theories that go hand in hand with the social norm of masculinity to explain the higher male suicide rates. This study is done through meta-analysis, which uses a statistical approach to combine the results from multiple studies cross sectional to make a stronger point. Countless theories and social pressures are used to account for as to why males are more at risk for suicidal tendencies than women. In this experiment, they took a sample of 583 male and female students and had them complete a self-reported survey to get numerical data on each individual’s masculine gender norm adherence. Research sought to see if their data matched the theory that societal pressures of masculinity impacted suicidal tendencies. Their data supports my own hypotheses, and they found that masculine gender norms of success, power, and competition; restrictive emotionality; and work and family conflict indirectly influenced acquired capability via their relationship with painful and proactive life advents. Although men reported greater acquired capability and
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The authors of this article uses previous studies to make claims about masculine gender roles in society and how they limit the proactive seeking of mental health professionals by males. They make the assumption that American men are hesitant to seek counseling and claim that men with higher gender role conflict (i.e stay at home dads, etc.) have more negative views on actually seeking mental health professionals. The researchers of this journal argument really use outside sources really well. They really focus on societies masculine pressure of alexithymia; the difficulty experiencing, fantasizing, thinking about, and expressing ones emotions. These articles findings are significant, however, are limited by the negative effects of uncontrolled variables, but that is expected while studying such brad fluid ideas like “gender” or “masculinity”. The credibility of the authors, and those that they source, are what make this a academically sound article. I will be using the ideas, and points made by the authors as to why men are hesitant to seek help because of societal pressures of alexithymia as my main argument as to why theses gender pressures must stop. I will argue the existence of a greater male suicide rates using other source, but use this article and things referenced in it as the cause of those increased

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