Animals Facing Extinction

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How can animals facing extinction be helped using modern science?
Identification and description of the problem
Extinction is referred to as the death of the last organism of a certain species; thus ending those organisms altogether. However, since most species are globally spread out this is something that takes careful consideration of every fact such as ‘is there a possibility the organism may have has a chance of survival somewhere unexpected?’(Hawking, 2012) Biologists have been trying conservation methods in order to solve this quickly arising problem. “Over the last 400 years, 484 animal species and 654 plant species have become extinct.” (The University of York Science Education Group, 2008)
There are many potential causes for extinction
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It is possible that these conflicts in ecosystems will eventually affect humans, not in the case of predator and prey, but along the lines of death and disease. Animals play a major role in our basic survival needs, for example bees pollinate over 70% of the food humans consume (Arlington Institute, 2005) – the disappearance of this species would have a vast impact on the everyday lives of humans. Every living organism has a vital role in our eco-system that we don't even know about yet, therefore we must preserve them all (debate.org, 2009). We ourselves are animals, and since the extinction of a species can potentially lead to the extinction of another, it is more than possible that humans may become the end extinction result. An example of a recently extinct species is the Javan Tiger, which became extinct around 1980 mostly due to habitat loss and hunting by the increasing populations of Natives of the Indonesian island of Java (Farter, …show more content…
It involves government laws and policies for wildlife protection in any given region. These may include strict punishments for the hurting or killing of an endangered animal, or even the damage to an endangered organism’s habitat. Usually these policies are brought about by organisations working for wildlife protection where their goals may consist of keeping steady and healthy populations of high-priority (endangered) species (Georgia department of Natural resources, 2007). Animals under the protection of such laws will be free from the danger of human hunting and habitat destruction; as a result more species will thrive as the reproduction of these animals will not be interfered with. This method of ‘on site conservation’ means that it maintains populations in the environment where they have developed their territories, as well as aids in survival of the biological community and the ecological processes. (Henson,

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