Ancient Greece And Rome Study Guide

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1. Rome was founded by the Etruscans, but the Greeks passed on influence on Rome with cultivating the olive and the vine. Also passing on their alphabetic system of writing, providing models for their sculptures, architecture, and literature. The Greeks had a large influence on the Italian Peninsula. But the development of Rome came from the Etruscans, these people controlled Rome and transformed villages into towns and cities.
2. The Etruscans were the founders of Rome, they brought urbanization to northern Italy and controlled Rome. Rome emerged as a city because of these people, and constructed temples, markets, shops, streets, and houses. They adopted the outfit of a toga and short cloak to the Romans, The Etruscans gave the Romans many
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The patrician class consisted of families from descended senators whom were appointed during the period of the kings. They were wealthy, and followed an aristocratic government. On the otherhand there was the Plebeians who consisted of a larger group of independent, poor men. They were not large landowners, and less wealthy. Their jobs mainly consisted of small farmers, merchants, and artisans. Both parties could vote, but only the Patricians could be elected to office. The Plebeians withdrew from the state and couldn’t defend Rome, officials were given to them to protect them against arrest bt the patrician magistrates. There later became a council of the plebs becoming responsible of them. They were only for the Plebeians, and it gave them political leverage. They made the Twelve Tables of Law which gave them legal procedures for going too court, families, and intermarriage between the two. The Patrician’s realized they were at a disadvantage and took the right that they couldn’t be intermarried away. The division between the two dwindled.
4. The latin word for Phoenician was Punicus, and the Punic Wars were fought by the Carthaginians and the Romans. The first Punic War was fought in 264 BCE to 241 BCE, the second Punic War was fought in 218-201 BCE, and the third Punic War was 149-146 BCE. The causes of the wars were because the Romans decided to intervene between to Sicilian cities. The Carthaginians believed Sicily to be in their region, thought they needed to go to
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The Romans borrowed their writing systems, literature, philosophy, religion and education from the Greeks. They had a large amount of Greek influence in their society. Their religion was a mix of the Greek and Roman gods creating a collective of the religion known as Greco-Roman religion. Roman’s literature was largely influenced by Greek models. They had playwrights and the bes known was Plautus, he used plots from Greek New Comedy. They created costumes similar to the Greeks for their plays. The Greek’s art played a major role in the development of Roman art. They gained artistic inspiration from Greek art.
14. The main aspects of the Roman civilization were their religion, military, religion, art. They were able to gain control during the wars, and expand their civilization in the process. They hhad a large city and more urbanization and less farmers. Rome was a city, and not just villages and city-states like in other civilizations. Their were theaters and playwrights in large opened theaters. They wore their own attire different from other societies that being a

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