Analysis Of Vroom 's Decision Tree Approach And The Leader Member Exchange ( Lmx )

958 Words Apr 20th, 2016 4 Pages
What are the situational approaches to leadership?
The least-preferred coworker (LPC) theory, the path-goal theory, Vroom’s decision tree approach, and the leader-member exchange (LMX) approach are four of the most important and widely accepted situational leadership theories.
Briefly describe each and compare and contrast their findings.
LPC Theory
Developed by Fred Fiedler, and the first situational theory of leadership, he concluded that a combined trait and behavioral approach resulted in either task or relationship oriented styles of leadership. Fiedler believed that behavior is a reflection of a leader’s personality and further that most personalities naturally fell into either task oriented or relationship oriented. Relying upon a self-assessment questionnaire, called the LPC measure, respondents are asked to rank 16 characteristics that describe the specific person with whom they are least able to work well with. A high total score assumed a relationship oriented leadership style; conversely a low score assumed a task oriented leadership style.
Predicated upon the belief that the favorableness of a situation is determined by the point of view of the leader in key areas of: leader-member relations, task structure, and position power and that the most and least favorable situations call for task oriented leadership with moderately favorable situations well suited for relationship oriented leadership.
Fiedler went on to argue that individual leader style…

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