Essay on Analysis Of The Book ' Lord Of The Flies '

1381 Words Apr 5th, 2016 6 Pages
Allegory: Finding History in Literature
World War II was one of the world’s most prolific examples of savagery seen to date. Millions were killed, and not only on the war front. The Bildungsroman novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding is a microcosm of adult society during World War II. A microcosm helps explore concepts in our world in a less complex fashion. Golding’s story centers on Ralph and a group of English boys as their plane crashes on a deserted island. Left to themselves, the boys quickly turn to savagery, developing two opposing tribes. Lord of the Flies uses allegory to relate the experiences on the island to World War II. An allegory is a written work that contains a hidden or deeper meaning. Goulding forms his allegory using the main characters and matches them with the key players of World War II. Golding’s’ allegory is evident in the way he shapes his main characters after main figures in the war. In this microcosm Goulding has identified Ralph as Winston Churchill, Piggy as the scapegoated Jews, and Jack as Hitler.
Many parallels can be drawn between Ralph, the leader of the island, and Winston Churchill, the leader of Great Britain. After the children land on the island, Ralph immediately becomes the leader. He is the first to take initiative and gather everyone together. Upon finding the conch with Piggy, Ralph says, “‘We can use this to call the others. Have a meeting. They’ll come when they hear us—’” (16). When Ralph brings the children on the…

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