Psychological Allegories In William Golding's Lord Of The Flies

Good Essays
In 1923, a man by the name of Sigmund Freud forged the concept that the human psyche had multiple parts or layers, three to be exact. In the Lord of the Flies, William Golding uses psychological allegory to illustrate that people who are exposed to a society with no structure have their true human psyche comes out. This comes in these three forms: Id, Superego, and Ego. In Lord of the Flies, after the group of boys had been stranded on the island for a number of days, certain boys’ true personalities were revealed. One of these boys whose inner psyche is shown is the runt of the litter, Piggy. The element of his personality that is most prominent is the superego. After the boys had been trapped on the island for a while they begin to slack …show more content…
Ego is the aspect of the psychological personality that keeps the psyche in check between the unrealistic id and what is realistic. Ralph’s ego is very notable throughout this novel because he balances his id and superego well. At one point Ralph replies to someone “‘This is our island. It’s a good island. Until the grownups come to fetch us we’ll have fun.’”(27). From what he says, Ralph is able to incorporate some fun whilst them having to wait for someone to rescue them. Having ego be the psychological aspect that enables him to compromise with his id and discover a fitter way to behave. Also, Ralph is said to be “genuinely interested” for the “welfare of the entire group”; he also gets “along with all kinds of people”(Telgen). Ralph is able to care for everyone in the group and enjoy them all because having ego be his most prominent element allows him to think clearly and keep himself in check from doing something drastic as Jack constantly does. Ego can be considered the best psyche to have in the situation that the boys are in because it considers social realities to make decisions despite there being a lack of a societal structure. These three aspects of the human’s psychological personality keep each other in check. This is true for most people who live in an average functioning society, but when you remove a person from their normal surroundings, and remove the consistency from the life they are custom to living;

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Ralph shows that he is a good leader in this instance because he knows Jack is upset and offers him a deal that will benefit both of them. He also knows when to let others do the work, such as letting Jack lead the hunters and Piggy do the thinking. Ralph is able to use the other boys’ most valuable assets to his advantage as a leader. However, although Ralph’s rationality is an important quality, even more essential to his leadership skills is his undefinable charisma that draws the boys in. His appearance as the quintessential good English boy is mostly what makes the boys vote for him, as evidenced by the quote “But there was a stillness about Ralph as he sat that marked him out; there was his size, and attractive appearance” (22).…

    • 1160 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    They both agree on how to run their society. They also both enjoy power. When Ralph is elected to be the leader of the boys, he enjoys being in control. Although it is later revealed that Jack’s crave for power is more extreme than Ralph’s, they both have a similar enjoyment of power. Unlike Jack, Ralph is a calm and thoughtful leader with good ideas for how to make their way off the island.…

    • 866 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    However, being stranded on an island without the adults, for so long makes the boys slowly start to lose the need to behave refined. Golding uses the boys and his own experience to explain that when humans are placed in an unfamiliar setting they let others and objects around them dictate how they behave. The lord of the flies lurks around the boys causing them to realize how truly alone they are. Eventually the boys forget about society and their old lives. They all begin to act in the same way as Jack, who is a leader, and become one single group.…

    • 1648 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    In the Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Tom Sawyer is a Fabulous moral role model for a kid or even an adult. People of any age are able to relate to the life and times of Tom Sawyer.. This is because Tom Sawyer cares about others more than himself and he would sacrifice himself to save someone else. Another reason would be that Tom never gave up hope no matter what happens. Lastly, even though Tom would get into trouble he would always make up for his inappropriate acts.…

    • 742 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The only time he does not stay calm is when he is being ignored, which if he was confident enough he would not be ignored in the first place. In the novel, Piggy always stays calm when he talks to Ralph about how to deal with certain situations. A fantastic leader would greatly benefit from this trait because they would be able to calmly tell the public about horrible situations going on, and be able to inform them on how they are going to solve the problem. Those are just a few characteristics that Piggy, from Goldings Lord of The Flies, possesses that an outstanding leader would also…

    • 1172 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    His excellent problem solving skills and his high level of maturity and understanding gives him a direct advantage of surviving. Ralph has the capability of prioritizing his problems and focusing on what is important. Ralph is also has an attractive appearance and has a way with words that lets the boys know that he can be trusted. Now, on the other hand, Jack is also a leader, but is an ineffective leader and would be considered taking the negative approach towards leadership. Jack is intractable and craves power in the very beginning and carries on that same ridiculous hankering for control.…

    • 578 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Everyone has a dark side to them, what does it take to unchain yours? In the book Lord of The flies by William Golding each character experiences this change within themselves, and in many moments in our life we see this happens to us as well. In the book the boys end up stranded on a island; they do not know where they are or who is there with them. Throughout the book they find a conch shell and use that to symbolize control and sanity, they also use a pig’s head as an offering to the “beast”. The pig 's head resembles the Lord of The Flies.…

    • 1045 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    It can be easily described that the boy’s lives in the beginning of the Lord of the Flies are civilized, organized and rational. As their time on the deserted island was progressing, those characteristics began to die out. Their lives are consisting of savagery, confusion, and senseless actions. Ralph, the protagonist of the story, questions the sanity of the group of boys on the island as the time went on. He ultimately asks the question, “What makes things break up the way they do?” As a reader, this is interpreted as how exactly the life of the boys on the island gradually fell apart which then creates vast separation and fatal situations.…

    • 1004 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    124. What this quote snippet shows is how Atticus loves and accepts everyone. Unlike most other people in Maycomb, Atticus respects people of color and does not treat them badly. This quote also shows that Atticus is very strong minded and other people’s opinions don’t affect him. He understands that it shows how poor a person if they call people bad names and teaches this to Scout.…

    • 881 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Ralph himself is a really nice guy, anyone would be lucky to have a leader like that. His leadership is the best for a situation like this when everyone is terrified and confused on what's the future is like. He probably feels like that to but he tries his best not showing that and he is taking responsibility for everyone. His character has developed a lot in the early chapters he was a more playful boy but now he is has definitely changed to a responsible man. But this does not mean he won't say anything if he thinks it's wrong.…

    • 470 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays