Essay on Anabolic Steroids Should Be Banned

1151 Words Apr 6th, 2016 5 Pages
When people think of steroids, they think of anabolic steroids only - steroids that enhance muscle growth, made famous by bodybuilders and athletes who used them to get an edge on their competitors. However, these are far from the only type of steroids. A steroid is defined as a molecule with 4 carbon rings, 3 rings with 6 carbons and 1 with 5 carbons. They can include hormones, alkaloids, and vitamins. Estrogen, progesterone, cholesterol and vitamin D are all examples of steroids. They’re not uncommon and they sure aren’t only for building muscle. There are a few ways that steroids are able to be taken, but there are two main ways that they are used - orally and by injection. Needles are scary for some people, so putting steroids in pill form can make the thought of them easier to swallow. Not only that, but oral steroids take effect much faster than injections, as they are quickest metabolized and enter the bloodstream. There is a problem with oral pills, though - the liver breaks down the steroids before they can be sent into the bloodstream. Not only does this damage the liver, but it also doesn’t allow the user to get full effect of the steroid. To prevent breakdown by the liver, steroids are alkylated at the 17th position (the OH hydroxyl group is removed and an alkyl replaces it), to form esters. Esters allow the steroid to not be broken down before they reach the circulation, as the liver breaks down the ester before it breaks down the rest of the steroid. Some…

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