An Analysis Of Art Spiegelman 's Maus And Marjane Satrapi 's Persepolis

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Art Spiegelman’s Maus and Marjane Satrapi’s Persepolis are both considered graphic novels by a multitude of critics, yet some critics think of them in a more specific sense. Common genres used for the two books are memoir and biography. Although Maus and Persepolis are both graphic novels and can be considered memoirs or biographies, they can be more specifically categorized with the genre creative nonfiction, because of the authors’ use of modern frameworks, round characters, and juxtaposition.
Overall, the term graphic novel is not an awful one, both Maus and Persepolis are graphic novels. By the definition in the Encyclopædia Britannica, a graphic novel is “a type of text combining words and images—essentially a comic, although the term most commonly refers to a complete story presented as a book rather than a periodical” (Murray). The use of the term ‘graphic novel’ is equal to using the term ‘novel’ in traditional non-pictorial literature. Although the term graphic novel encompasses both Maus and Persepolis, it is not the most specific way to categorize them.
To become more specific, one must turn to the idea of genres. In Understanding Comics, Scott McCloud states that “the world of comics is a huge and varied one,” (4) which goes for both traditional non-pictorial literature and graphic novels. To solve the problem of the broad cloaking terms, we can turn to the filing folders of literature:genres. Maus and Persepolis both seem to fit better under the nonfiction…

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