Alternative Avenues Of Organ Donation Procurement Essay

1128 Words 5 Pages
There are 121,465 people waiting for an organ transplant, with only 30,000 organ donors available in the United States (“Data”). Consequently, organ procurement organizations, which collect and distribute donated organs, are under intense pressure to increase the frequency and availability of these donations. Unfortunately, many patients waiting for a transplant will die before ever receiving one. This has inspired discussions that question whether the nation should explore alternative avenues of organ donation procurement, with some debating the merits of legalizing the sale of human organs. The debate concerning whether the sale of human organs should be legalized, which would increase the supply of organs available for transplants but discriminate against disadvantaged people who cannot afford them, demonstrates patient 's’ frustration toward the current organ donation process and the uncertainty of how to improve the system. The extensive history of human organ donation and the potential positive and negative consequences of legalization fuel this debate.
Initially, the prohibition of purchasing human organs was championed by three legislative bills passed within the last half century. In 1984, The National Organ Transplant Act (NATO) was ratified by Congress. NOTA outlawed any transaction that exchanged organs for a monetary reward. It also formed the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN), which provided nonpartisan appropriation of donated organs, and…

Related Documents