Essay on Adolescent Cognitive Development After Trauma

4738 Words May 13th, 2013 19 Pages
Adolescent Cognitive Development After Trauma Raquel A. Figueroa Liberty University
COUN 620-B02

In a generation of hopelessness, adolescents seek a purpose for their existence. They seek refugee from violence, abuse and maltreatment. The overwhelming pressure opens the door for instant gratification in drugs, alcohol, sexual activity, and fail to make appropriate adjustments in compromising circumstances. There is a correlation between traumatic experiences and adolescent cognitive development. A traumatic experience can alter an adolescent’s neural system and adversely affect the latter stages of brain development. Working with survivors of traumatic events requires an understanding of maladaptive
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An infant communicates his or her needs through crying, the caregiver(s) responds and the infant counter responds establishing an attachment (Feldman, 2008). The continuous stimulation and interaction between infant and caregiver(s) “help pave the way for the development of relationships between children, their parents and the rest of the social world” (Feldman, 2008, p. 193). According to Lubit, Maldonado-Duran and Helmig Bram (2009), “the nature of this relationship colors the person’s relationship for the rest of his or her life” (p. 1). In homes where domestic violence occurs, adolescents are at high-risk for suffering physical, emotional and mental abuse. Regardless of whether adolescents are physically, emotionally or mentally abused the witnessing of violence is similar to experiencing the actual abuse. Bright (2008) says, “Four in 10 children report witnessing violence” (p. 11).
According to Bright (2008) traumatic stress is categorized in three levels of severity. Acute trauma is categorized as a single event that result in “frightening feelings, thoughts and physical reaction” (Bright, 2008, p. 8). A traumatic event such a sudden death, assault or community violence can perpetuate overwhelming feelings (Bright, 2008). Chronic trauma is categorized as a continuous sequence of negative events that enhance the previous

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