The Attachment Theory On Humanity And Patterns

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The Attachment Theory maintains that the bond between an infant and his or her primary caregiver greatly influences personality, cognitive ability, and relationships throughout life. Psychologist Mary Ainsworth studied attachment patterns through an experiment known as the Strange Situation in which a mother left a child in a room for short period of time either alone or with a stranger; the child’s behavior was assessed when the mother left and when she returned. Three different patterns were observed. They are secure attachment, avoidant attachment, and ambivalent attachment. Later research labeled a fourth attachment pattern as disorganized or disoriented (Papalia & Martorell, 20xx).
The most common type of attachment pattern
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The baby showed little emotion when the mother was gone and failed to respond to her when she returned. In some instances the baby actually turned away from the mother. Avoidant attachment may occur when a parent is unresponsive to their child’s needs. The problem may arise in part due to the temperament of the baby and the mother’s insecurity in calming the child or if the mother shows disinterest in the child leading the child to then find ways to amuse or comfort themselves. Babies who have an avoidant attachment may grow to be withdrawn or to act out in order to get attention. Adults who had an avoidant attachment may have difficulty socializing and may be unable to form long term relationships (Fraley, …show more content…
Ambivalent attachment is established when inconsistent care giving occurs. The mother or primary caregiver may be overly attentive to the child sometimes and unresponsive at other times. This pattern may occur when the mother is dealing with other stressors such as financial problems or marital difficulties. A single mother may be exhausted from working two jobs and feel physically or emotionally unable to spend quality time with the child. These children may be fearful or easily angered. They may be self-conscious and dependant on others. They may have difficulty developing trusting relationships in adulthood, perhaps leading to marital problems.
Disorganized or disoriented attachment occurs when mothers are abusive or insensitive to a child’s needs. The child shows inconsistent behavior when dealing with the stress of the mother’s departure or return. The child may be fearful of the parent. As in ambivalent attachment, the mother may be dealing with other stressors or the influence of her own abusive relationships. Research has shown that a particular gene mutation may put a child more at risk for disorganized attachment. Children with disorganized attachment frequently have behavior problems and develop psychiatric disorders later in

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