Abraham Lincoln: One Of America's Greatest Leaders In History

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Abraham Lincoln is undoubtedly one of America 's greatest leaders in history and he left behind an incredible legacy for the nation and the world.

Lincoln was elected as the sixteenth president of the United States of America. He saved the union and he was the emancipator of slaves despite rising from humble beginnings and leading his country through a bloodied civil war. Abraham Lincoln was born to Thomas and Nancy Hanks Lincoln on February 12th, 1809 in Hodgenville, Kentucky. He had an elder sister, Sarah, and a younger brother, Thomas, who died in infancy. Born into a poor, illiterate household, education was not heavily encouraged. In fact, Lincoln’s father discouraged his interest in academics and tried to busy Lincoln in physical labour
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He ran for the Illinois General Assembly as a member of the Whig Party in 1834 and was re-elected in 1836 and 1838. During this time Abraham studied law and graduated with a law degree in 1835. On November 4, 1842, Lincoln married Mary Todd, who he had four sons with, Robert, Edward, William and Thomas. On November 6, 1860, Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th President of the United States, becoming the first Republican President. On April 12, the Confederate artillery opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbour and the Civil War began. On January 1, 1863, President Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates, leading the Union to victory and ending the Civil War on April 9, 1865. On November 8, 1864, Lincoln was re-elected as president. However, tragically on April 15, 1865, the United States of America and the world, lost an amazing leader when President Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wikes Booth on April 14 whilst attending the theatre with Mary. Lincoln’s legacy lived on after his death as on December 6, 1865, the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was finally ratified and slavery was abolished. Later, Lincoln’s …show more content…
If not for Lincoln 's determination and vision for America’s future, the Union may have separated, permanently. After the election of Abraham Lincoln as president, many southern states were angered that the ‘anti-slavery, republican’ was elected to lead their country. In order to preserve slavery, states’ rights and political liberty for whites4, the following southern states succeeded from the union: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas. Thus, in February 1861 these states formed the Confederate States of America. The war began after the Confederate states bombarded Union soldiers in Fort Sumter, South Carolina, on April 12, 1861. The horrific civil war continued for four years and stole 1,100,392 soldiers lives, before finally ending in the spring of 1865. Lincoln lead the northern states to victory, and the Confederates returned to the Union, hence, Lincoln became the saviour of the Union. On Lincoln’s first Inaugural Address, he posed the following question to the South, “Shall it be peace or the sword?”5, this question was threatening the South that they must rejoin the Union or there will be a war. After the South refused to rejoin the Union, Lincoln announced that the nation must be unified because, “A house divided against itself cannot stand”6. In the

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