A Study On Concrete Manipulatives Essay

1623 Words 7 Pages
While there has been an increase in the use of virtual manipulatives. Their concrete counterpart’s haven been at the head of mathematics education for decades. The use of concrete manipulatives has long been applauded as a quality instructional tool.
“Students’ mental images and abstract ideas are based on their experiences. Hence, students who see and manipulate a variety of objects have clearer mental images and can represent abstract ideas more completely than those whose experiences are meager.” (Kennedy, 1986, p. 6)
Although more expensive, concrete manipulatives are a hands on experience that can’t be replicated by virtual objects. Some students thrive with hands on learning and thus would grasp mathematical concepts to a great degree. In the following section, we take an in depth look at concrete manipulatives through multiple studies and action research projects. Also, there will be a thorough look at two comparison studies in achievement based on the use or virtual and/or concrete manipulatives. These studies will aid in further analyzing which method (virtual or concrete) is more beneficial to learning and achievement. The first reading on concrete manipulatives was published in 2016 by Uribe-Flórez, L. J., & Wilkins, J. L. Although it utilizes data from 17 years ago, this data is still relevant because it shows that emphasis of manipulatives should focus on modeling, not necessarily achievement. The authors used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study,…

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