A Research On Suspended Animation Essay

763 Words Jan 29th, 2015 4 Pages
The most recent research into suspended animation is happening in the University of Pittsburgh. It has progressed to human trails. The procedure is exclusive to patients who suffer cardiac arrest and have a less than 10% chance of survival. The aim of their research is to provide a longer period of time for surgeons to work on patients before the patient is irreversibly damaged.
Patients who are bought in are first evaluated to ensure that if the epr-cat procedure is the most beneficial for them. Then the body temperature is lowered to about 10 degrees by administering cold saline solution though a large tube called a cannula and is placed in the aorta, which is the largest artery in the body and closest to the heart. A heart-lung bypass machine is then used to restore the blood circulation and oxygenation for the resuscitation part of the whole process. The study conducted at the university involves replacing all of a patient’s blood with cold saline solution. This rapidly cools the body and stops almost all cellular activity. The normal body temperature of a body is about 37 degrees, the cells at this temperature need a regular supply of oxygen to respire and release energy. When the heart stops beating, blood carrying oxygen no longer reaches the cells. Without oxygen, tissues that are part of organs such as the brain and the heart accumulate ischemic injury and become irreversibly damaged. At lower temperatures however, cells need less oxygen because all the chemical…

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