A Large Pleistocene Fossil Site, Saltville, Virginia Has Revolutionized Modern Archeology

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Home to a large Pleistocene fossil site, Saltville, Virginia has revolutionized modern archeology. The locality is especially significant because of unique interactions that took place between animals and humans 15,000 years ago. There has been recent evidence uncovered that Paleo-humans and the mammals in the surrounding Appalachian region interacted and the humans relied on the animals for survival. The deep history preserved in the land of Saltville reveals a past ecosystem that drew megafauna to its locality. The region, rich with life, is the second oldest known Pre-Clovis site in the Americas, marking its significance in history and archeology. The site possesses signs of humans who hunted megafauna for spiritual and resourceful purposes. Discovering such a site is a turning point in the understanding of Paleo-Human culture and behavior.
The most unique paleontological aspect of Saltville, Virginia is its preservations of pollen and spores. The specimens of pollen and spores have been analyzed to determine the paleoecology of the Saltville area and understa0n0d its draw for such diverse megafauna. Through analyzing the plant tissue and soil content, paleoecologists found that the land during the Pleistocene in the Saltville area was “covered mostly by herbaceous plants but receiving some conifer needles carried by wind or water to the site” (Ray 614). Most the pollen analyzed was pine and spruce with about five percent of the pollen coming from broad-leafed deciduous…

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