A Brief Note On The Peruvian Health Care System Essay

1397 Words Nov 21st, 2015 6 Pages
While practically ever health indicator has improved in Peru in the past thirty years, these improvements have not been shared equally across the population. The majority of the progress has occurred in urban areas, especially in the capital city of Lima, with the rural population lagging behind. According to the Population Reference Bureau (2015), the amount of people living below the poverty line is 36% higher in rural areas than in urban areas. While poverty is definitely a causative factor in the disparities that exist, in this paper I will examine some of these inequalities and show that one cause of them is the geographical isolation of many rural communities. Geographic isolation contributes to many different factors that lead to the health disparities, including less access to health care facilities and professionals, less education, and less access to basic services, like electricity. The Peruvian health care system has two sectors: the private and the public. The private sector consists of private insurance companies and hospitals. These facilities usually offer the best care but are only accessible to a small portion of the population due to cost and they are heavily concentrated in cities, especially Lima. The public sector consists of several branches, which are meant to serve the rest of the population. SIS is similar to Medicaid in the US and is meant to support the poorest portion of the population. EsSalud is similar to employee benefits in the US, but…

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