Social Issues In Haiti
Haiti, officially named the Republic of Haiti, is a Caribbean country that shares the island of Hispaniola with its neighboring country the Dominican Republic. The name “Haiti” comes from Hayti, meaning “mountainous.” Port-au-Prince is the capital and the most populous city of Haiti. Haiti is encircled in a nation of approximately eight million inhabitants. The currency of Haiti is Gourde and a republic government represents the country. Haiti is one of the most mountainous countries in the Caribbean with a tropical climate. The languages spoken in Haiti vary, while the majority of Haitians speaks Creole, the individuals of high socio-economic statuses speak fluent French and English. Religion plays an integral and powerful part …show more content…
However, being one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere, it is not astonishing that poverty leads to poor health in the country. The country struggled with poor health for decades, and was further debilitated by the 7.0 magnitude earthquake in 2010. Malnutrition is a major problem in Haiti; especially in young children. Children are significantly malnourished by 6-11 months of age. Living in the lower class in Haiti, some do not have the income or privilege to take care of their families or visit the doctor. Poor nutrition, poor sanitation systems and inadequate health services have led to poor health in the country. Haiti’s life expectancy at birth is 63 years for women and 58 years for men. Haiti has one of the highest incidences of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome …show more content…
Ever since the devastating earthquake, Haiti is facing a widespread of problems in child health. Malnutrition takes a serious and irreversible toll, making children more susceptible to disease and death and compromising their cognitive and physical development, which results in low human capital and diminished lifetime earnings (World Bank, 2006). Haiti has the highest rates of childhood underweight and wasting in the Latin America and Caribbean region (Lutter, Chaparro & Mun ̃oz, 2011). Child health can be very demanding in Haiti, because most children are born into families without proper prenatal care. Many children in Haiti are at risk for malnutrition due to health practices of pregnant women and mothers, lack of food and shelter, poor sanitation and nutrition.
Malnutrition has long been a serious public health issue in Haiti. Access to nutritious food remains an issue for millions of Haitians. Haiti is a food deficit country and relies heavily on imported food. Hunger, poor nutrition and food insecurities affect a significant portion of Haiti’s population, resulting in underweight and micronutrient deficiencies. The main cause of nutritional problems in Haiti is poverty, which is exacerbated by Haiti’s low food production, high global food prices and the devastating natural disasters.