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48 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A trained therapist who uses psychological techniques to assist someone to overcome excessive anxiety would generally
be best described as a
psychotherapist
Schizophrenia is a disorder that is MOST likely to be treated with
cognitive therapies
Sigmund Freud introduced a form of psychotherapy known as
psychoanalysis
Psychoanalytic techniques are designed primarily to help patients
become aware of their repressed conflicts and impulses
free association involves the
uncensored reporting of any thoughts that come to mind
Just as Austin began telling his therapist about a painful childhood experience, he complained of a headache and
abruptly ended the session. A psychoanalyst would most likely suggest that Austin's behavior is an example of
resistance
The interpretation of dreams is most closely associated with
psychoanalysis
. The expression toward a therapist of feelings linked with earlier relationships is known as
transference
Which form of therapy is most likely to be described as expensive and time-consuming?
psychoanalysis
A psychodynamic therapist is most likely to
suggest interpretive insights regarding patients' difficulties.
The psychoanalytic and humanistic therapies are often referred to as
insight therapies
Which of the following is considered to be the most nondirective form of therapy?
client-centered therapy
As a psychotherapist, Dr. Buist does not analyze people's motives or diagnose the nature of their difficulties because he
believes that they are in the best position to diagnose and solve their own problems. Dr. Buist's position is most
characteristic of ________ therapy
client-centered
Client-centered therapists are most likely to
restate and seek further clarification of what clients say during the course of therapy.
Cindy suggested that her nail biting might be a symptom of unconscious resentment toward her parents. Her therapist
chuckled and said, “No, Cindy, your problem isn't unconscious hostility; your problem is nail biting.” Cindy's therapist
sounds most like a ________ therapist.
behavior
Repeatedly introducing people to things they fear and avoid is most characteristic of
exposure therapies
To help Thor overcome his fear of giving public speeches, his therapist instructs him to relax and then to imagine
speaking to a group of four people. The therapist is using
systematic desensitization
Aversive conditioning involves
associating unwanted behaviors with unpleasant experiences
Influencing patients by therapeutically controlling the consequences of their actions illustrates an application of
operant conditioning
Mr. Quinones, a fifth-grade teacher, gives a blue plastic star to each student who achieves a high score on a math or
spelling test. At the end of the semester, students can exchange their stars for prizes. Mr. Quinones' strategy illustrates
an application of
operant conditioning
Although Ethan is actually doing very well in college, he feels depressed and academically incompetent. His therapist
has instructed him to explain in writing how his good grades resulted from his own hard work and personal abilities.
This therapeutic procedure is most characteristic of ________ therapy.
cognitive
Aaron Beck has used gentle questioning intended to reveal depressed clients' irrational thinking. His therapeutic
approach best illustrates
cognitive therapy
Dr. Jackson reinforces depressed patients for their participation in pleasant activities and trains them to take increasingly
more credit for the rewards they gain from engaging in those activities. Dr. Jackson's treatment approach best illustrates
cognitive-behavior therapy
A useful feature of group therapy is that it
encourages clients to improve their communication skills.
To help Mrs. Otsuki lose weight, her therapist first attempted to assess whether her weight loss might be personally
threatening to her husband. The therapist's concern is most characteristic of a
family therapist
Research on the effectiveness of psychotherapy indicates that
clients tend to underestimate how much they have improved as a result of therapy
Clients' perceptions of the effectiveness of psychotherapy are often misleading because clients
often need to convince themselves that they didn't waste their money on therapy
Therapists' perceptions of the effectiveness of psychotherapy are likely to be misleading because
clients typically emphasize their problems at the start of therapy and their well-being at the end of therapy.
The beneficial consequence of a person's expecting that a treatment will be therapeutic is known as
the placebo effect
Which phenomenon refers to the tendency for extraordinary or unusual events to be followed by more ordinary events?
regression toward the mean
Which of the following is a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different studies?
meta-analysis
Statistical summaries of psychotherapy outcome studies indicate that
no single form of therapy proves consistently superior to the others
Increasingly, insurer and government support for mental health services requires
evidence-based practice
Three benefits attributed to all psychotherapies are
hope, a new perspective, and a caring relationship.
Which of the following is most clearly a key contributor to the formation of the therapeutic alliance?
an empathic therapist
Immigrants from Asia would most likely experience difficulty as clients of American psychotherapists who emphasize
the value of
individualism
A physician who specializes in the treatment of psychological disorders is called a
psychiatrist
Although Dr. Anderson uses systematic desensitization for the treatment of phobias, he prescribes antianxiety drugs as
well. It is most likely that Dr. Anderson is a
psychiatrist
The double-blind technique involves
a procedure in which neither patients nor health care staff know whether a given patient is receiving a drug or a
placebo
Dr. Volz is a researcher who wants to distinguish between the direct effects of a new antianxiety medication and effects
arising from expectations of the drug's effectiveness. Dr. Volz is most likely to use a procedure known as
the double blind technique
Long-term use of certain antipsychotic drugs can produce involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and
limbs. This menacing condition is known as
tardive dyskinesia.
Unpleasant withdrawal symptoms following the discontinued use of an antianxiety drug are indicative of
physiological dependence.
Which of the following treatments is most likely to be used only with severely depressed patients?
electroconvulsive therapy
Though not performed today, lobotomies provide a historical example of
psychosurgery
Antidepressant drugs, a fresh perspective on his problems, and a strong therapeutic alliance all contributed to helping
David recover from a major depressive disorder. An integrated understanding of David's recovery process is best
provided by
a biopsychosocial approach.
Aerobic exercise, adequate sleep, light exposure, and social engagement are important components of
therapeutic life-style change
Preventive mental health is based on the assumption that psychological disorders result from
stressful social situations
Which approach would attempt to minimize psychological disorders by working to alleviate the conditions that cause
child abuse and illiteracy in society?
preventive mental health