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34 Cards in this Set

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Fire service ropes fall into two classifications:
life safety & utility rope
page 147
life safety rope
is used to support rescuers and/or victims during actual incidents or training.
page 147
utility rope
is used in any instance, excluding life safety applications, where the use of rope is required.
page 147
All life safety rope must conform to NFPA standard
1983 Fire Service Life Safety Rope & System Components
page 147
What type of rope can be use for life safety?
Only rope of block creel construction using continuous filament virgin fiber for load-bearing elements is suitable for life safety applications.
page 147
In order to be consider life safety rope it must not...
- Must not been visibly damaged

- Not exposed heat, direct flame, or abrasion

- Not exposed to liquid, solids, gases, mists, or vapors of any chemical or other material that can deteriorate rope
page 148
What standards are set forth for utility rope?
There are no standards set forth
page 148
Is natural fiber accepted for life safety?
No
page 148
What two types of rope are used in life safety situations?
dynamic rope & static rope
page 148
dynamic rope
are used when falls are a possibility to reduce the shock impact. It is designed for high stretch without breaking. The elasticity is a disadvantage for hauling applications.
page 148 & 150
static rope
choice for most rescue incidents, as it is design for low stretch without breaking. It is better suited for lowering and raising heavy loads.
page 150
The most common type of rope construction are:
laid, braided, braid-on-braid, & kernmantle
page 150
laid are constructed by
twisting yarn together to form stands.
page 150
braided are constructed by
uniformly intertwining strands of rope together.
page 150
braid-on-braid are constructed
with both both a braided core and a braided sheath.
page 150
kernmantle are constructed by
a braided covering or sheath (mantle) over the main load bearing strands (kern).
page 150
Water should not be used to clean what type of rope due to weakening and damaging fibers is...
natural fibers
page 153
rope should be dried
out of direct sunlight
page 153
Life safety rope should not be stored next to what?
gasoline-powered tools or spear fuel
page 154
running end
the part used for hoisting, pulling, or belaying.
page 154
working end
the part used to form the knot, sometimes referred to as loose end, or bitter end.
page 154
standing part
the part between the working and running end.
page 154
A bight is formed by...
by bending the rope back on itself while keeping the sides parallel.
page 154
A loop is formed by...
crossing the side of a bight over the standing part.
page 155
A round turn is formed by...
further bending one side of a loop.
page 155
Bowline is used to form...
a single loop that will not constrict the object it is placed around.
page 155
Half hitch is used to form...
a round turn around an object.
page 155
Clove hitch is used to form...
to attach a rope to an object.
page 155
What is the foundation knot for figure-eight follow through and figure-eight on a bight?
figure eight
page 156
Figure eight follow through is used for...
equal diameters of rope together or to tie rope around an object when end is not available.
page 156
Figure eight on a bight is used to form...
a loop in either the middle or end of rope.
page 156
Becket bend is used to...
join two ropes of unequal diameter, and can also be use to join a rope and a chain.
page 156
Which knot used by firefighters is not suitable for life safety?
becket bend
page 156
What is not recommend to be hoisted?
pressurized cylinders, such as SCBA
page 156