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34 Cards in this Set

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Forcible entry
The technique used by fire department personnel to gain access to a structure whose normal means of access is locked, blocked, or nonexistent.
page 233
Forcible entry four basis tool categories are:
-Cutting tools
-Prying tools
-Pushing/pulling tools
-Striking tools
page 234
List some cutting tools:
Axes, hatchets, saws, bolt cutters, cutting torch
page 234-235
List the two different types of axes and the difference
Flat-head axe and pick-head axe. The pick-head axe has a pick on the back part.
page 234
What type of atmosphere should a power saw never be used, and why?
Never use a power saw in a flammable atmosphere. The saw's motor or sparks from the cutting operation can ignite a fire or cause an explosion.
page 235
Safety procedures to remember when using a power saw.
-Do not push saw beyond limits.

-Do not use in flammable atmosphere.

-Always use eye protection.
page 235
Rotary saw blades are often use to cut...
page 235
Describe rotary saw
Most often power by gasoline, has a blade that spins at more than 6,000 rpm for precise cuts.
page 235
Describe reciprocating saw
Most powered by electricity, has a short, straight blade that moves forward and backward.
page 235
prying tools mechanics
With proper usage the user is able to generate more force on an object with the tool than without it.
page 236
List prying tools
Crowbar, halligan, pry bar, hux bar, claw tool, kelly tool, pry axe, flat bar, & hydraulic
page 237
A hydraulic door opener is used to open doors that...
swing away from the firefighter.
page 238
List some pushing/pulling tools:
Standard pike pole, clemens hook, plaster hook, drywall hook, San Francisco hook, multipurpose hook, & roofman's hook
page 238
Pike poles are useful for breaking glass also, because...
it allows the firefighter to stay out of the way of falling glass, and remove shards in the window from a safe distance.
page 238
List some striking tools:
Sledgehammer, maul, battering ram, pick, flat-head axe, mallet, hammer, punch, & chisel
page 239
"cheater bar"
should not be used, it is a piece of pipe added to a prying tool to lengthen the handle, thus providing additional leverage. This forces the tool beyond its design and can be dangerous.
page 240
What should not be stored with saws or saw blades, why?
Hydrocarbons, such as gasoline, because it will attack the bonding material in the blades and make them subject to sudden disintegration during use.
page 240
Carrying technique for axes
Carry the axe with the blade away from the body. With pick-head axes, grasp and cover it with a hand. Do not carry on the shoulder.
page 240
Carrying technique for prying tools
Carry these tools with any pointed or sharp edges away from the body.
page 241
Carrying technique for pike poles and hooks
Carry these tools with the tool head down, close to the ground, and ahead of the body when outside a structure. When entering a building, carefully invert the tool and carry it with the head upright close to the body.
page 241
Carrying technique for striking tools
Keep the heads of these tools close to the ground. Maintain a firm grip as mauls and sledgehammers are heavy and may slip.
page 241
Carrying technique for power tools
Never carry a power tool that is running. Transport the tool to the area where the work will be preformed and start it there.
page 241
What should you never do the axe heads?
Do not paint axe heads! Painting hedes faults in the metal, and may cause cutting surface to stick and bind.
page 243
Remember to...
"Try before you pry."
page 243
If you can see hinges of the door,...
it swings towards you.
page 243
If you can NOT see hinges of the door,...
it swings away from you.
page 243
According to code, commercial, public assembly doors, and industrial codes are suppose to swing...
page 243
Metal doors and masonry are seen as...
impractical to force. The use of powers tools and hydraulic tools will most likely be needed.
page 245
When encountering revolving doors...
look to the sides as there is usually swinging doors which are much easier to force open.
page 246
Once an overhead door is open it should be...
blocked open to prevent injury to firefighter should the control device fail.
page 249
Fire door
a door that self closes, either by returning to closed position after each opening, or automatic closing where a magnetic holds the door open.
page 250
When breaking glass...
stand to the windward side, with hands higher than the point of impact to prevent glass from falling on them.
page 253 & 261

Leeward pertaining to, situated in, or moving toward the quarter toward which the wind blows or on the side away from the wind.

Windward is toward the wind; toward the point from which the wind blows.
Just thrown in there. No page number. FYI
Opening a hole in a wall to gain access.
page 264