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56 Cards in this Set

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incidents involve the removal and treatment of victims from situations involving narural elements, structural collaspe, elevation differences, or any other situation not considered to be an extrication incident.
incidents involve the removal and treatment of victims who are trapped by some type of man-made machinery or equipment.
Fire ground scene size up should include...
size of the fire, whether or not the building is likely occuiped, the probable structural integrity, and some idea of the time it will take to search the building. Look for additional escape routes, windows and such.
What should you question occupants who have escape or neighbors?
Where occupants maybe found?
Number of people still inside?
Location and extent of the fire?
**No matter what information they give, you still must search**
What are the two objectives of a building search?
(1)Finding victims, and (2) obtaining information about the extent of the fire.
The two types of search are....
primary and secondary
primary search
is a rapid but thorough search that is perfomed either before of during fire suppression.
secondary search
is conducted after the fire is under control and the hazards are somewhat contolled.
Primary search personnel should always carry what?
forcible entry tool which can be use to search or force entry to other parts of the building or out.
If no or little smoke or heat during primary search walk or crawl?
What is not critical during a secondary search?
In a multistory building what are the most critical floors?
The fire floor, the floor directly above it, and the topmost floor.
Remember to close _____ during primary searh to prevent the spread of fire into these areas.
When searching open doors by...
feel the top and the handle for heat. If hot do not enter with out charge hoseline. If not hot, stay to one side, keep low, and slowly open the door.
What to do when your reach a difficult to open door in structural fire?
Donot kick, as there may be a victim behind the door and this would cause further harm. Slow pushed or force open and check behind the door for a victim.
Disoriented fire fighters MUST REMAIN
What to remember when disoriented and you reach a hoseline?
The side of the male coupling leads to the fire truck or exit while the female coupling will lead you to the fire. (The male coupling has lungs on its shand and the female does not.
Emergency moves are necessary under the following conditions:
* There is fire or danger of fire in the immediate area.
* Explosives or other hazardous material is involved.
* It is impossible to protect the accident scene.
* It is impossible to gain access to other victims who need immediate life-saving care.
* The victim is in cardiac arrest and must be move to a different area (firm surface) so that rescuers can administer cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
Name the four basic types of powered hydraulic tools:
spreaders, shears, combination spreaders/spears, and extension rams.
Spreaders should be used at
the tips of the tool.
Shears should be used at
the base of the tool.
The extension rams push about ___ inches farther than spreaders.
A distance of 63 inches compared to 36 inches of the spreaders.
often are wooden blocks or wedeges 4X4 or 2X4 which are used to stabilize objects like cars.
Pneumatic tools (for power)
use compress air for power.
Scence size up of a possible vehicle extrication should include:
* What are the traffic hazards?
* How many and what type(s) of vehicle(s) are involved?
* Where and how are the vehicles positioned?
* Is there a fire or potential for a fire?
Are there any hazardous materials involved?
* Are there any utilities, such as gas or electricity, that may have been damaged? If so, are they posing a hazard to the victims and rescue personnel?
* Is there a need for additional resources?
* Number of vehicle and victims?
* Severity of injuries?
The primary goal of stabilization is to
to maximize the area of contact between the vehicle and the ground to prevent further movement of the vehicle.
When should you push the vehicle to test the stability?
The most common method to prevent horizontal movement of a vehilce is...
chocking the wheels.
List the different ways to prevent vehicle from moving vertically:
Jacks, air-lifting bags, and cribbing are the most frequently used for this purpose.
The three general methods of gaining acess to victims in a vehicle are:
* Through a normally operating door
* Through a window
* By compromising the body of the vehicle
Supplement Restraint System

air bags
Side Impact Protection system

air bags
Air bags can deploy with a speed of
200 mph
Which statement is true

-The pt is removed from the vehicle.

-The vehicle is moved from around the pt.
The vehicle is moved from around the pt.
wounds have been dressed and bandaged, fractures have been splinted,and patients body has been immobilized to reduce the possibility of further injury.
When removing the patient by extrication there should be no....
jerking or sudden movements
List the two primary types of glass used in vehicles
safety (laminated) glass
tempered glass
safety (liminated) glass
is manufactured from two sheets of glass that are bonded to a sheet of plastic sandwiched between them. The plastic sheet retains most shards and fragments in place.
tempered glass
manufactured so that small lines of fractures are spread throughout the the entire plate. Breaks out in pieces rather than as a whole.
The following common tools can be used to cut laminated glass:
-Air chisel
-Reciprocating Saw
-Handsaw with a coarse blade such as those used in commercially produced tools
You should break tempred glass in the...
lower corner of the window
List the four common patterns of structural collapse
1) Pancake collaspe
2) V-shaped collaspe
3) Lean-to collaspe
4) Cantilever collaspe
Pancake collaspe
upper floors and roofs collapsing on top of each other such as in a stack of pancakes. This pattern will least likely to contain voids in which living victims may be found, but it must be assumed that there are living victims in the rubble until it is proven otherwise.
V-shaped collaspe
the outer walls remain intact and the floors and/or roof structure fail in the middle This patter offers good chance of habitable void spaces being created on both sides of the collaspe.
Lean-to collaspe
one outer wall fails while the opposite wall remains intact. The side of the roof assembly that was supported by the failed wall drops to the floor forming a trangular void beneath it.
Cantilever collaspe
when one sidewall of a mutistory building collapses leaving the floors attached to and supported by the remaining sidewall. This patter also offers a good chance of habitale voids under the suppored ends of the floors.
This collapse pattern is perhaps the least stable of all the patterns and is the most valnerable to secondary collaspe.
Cantilever collaspe
any of a variety of means by which unstable structures or parts of structures can be stabilized. Not intended to move large objects, just stabilize them.
primarily involves removing smaller rubble & debris to create a path to a know location of a victim. Because it is slow and dangerous it should be used as a last resort.
Trench rescue
Rescuers should not be sent into a trench unless their safety can be reasonably ensured and they have been trained. Move all nonessential personnel and equipment back to avoid secondary collaspe.
The three things that fire fighters should do when called to a rescue involving electricity:
1) Assume that electrical lines or equipment are energized.

2) Call for power provider to respond. Let only power company personnel cut electrical wires.

3) Control the scene.
Rescuers should stay how far from a down electrical wire?
Away from the downed wires a distance equal to one span between poles until they are certain the power is shut off.
Water rescue
are situations where a victim is stranded, floundering, or has been submerged for a short period of time (usually less than half an hour). In these cases potential for saving the victim is real.
Water recovery
are situations where a victim has been submerge for a long period of time and is most likely dead.In these cases recovering the body is the goal.
Water rescue methods
In this order... Reach, Throw, Roll, and last resort Go.
Elevator Rescue
Unless there is a medical emergency in the car, reassure the occupants and wait for arrival of elevator mechanic.