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9 Cards in this Set

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Define ataxic dysarthria
A motor speech disorder resulting from damage to the cerebellar system and its pathways.

This disorder is characterized by errors in timing, stress, and articulation, harsh vocal quality, and monotonous pitch and volume.
Describe the role of the cerebellum in motor control.
Coordination of respiration and speech.
Which etiology distorts and stretches the cerebellar?
Cerebellar damage occurs when the cerebellum has been distorted and stretched by the FORCE OF HEAD TRAUMA.
Name three toxic conditions that can cause ataxic dysarthria
Lead or Mercury Poisoning

Chronic and/or Acute Alcohol poisoning

Exposure to cyanide
Name three metabolic conditions that can cause ataxic dysarthria.
Prolonged vitamin E or B12 deficiency

Wilson's disease: Accumulation of Copper

Severe cases of hyperthyroidism
Name one of two degenerative disorders that occur in middle age and causes progressive cerebellar ataxia.
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia of late-onset:

Progressive, cerebellar ataxia
Retinal degeneration
Sensorinueral deafness
Balance deficits
Dementia
Which type of cerebellar tumor occurs especially in children?
Low grade astrocytomas
Describe a treatment for controlling airflow.
1. Slow and controlled respiration
2. Speaking immediately on exhalation
3. stopping phonation early to avoid shallow breathing
4. Using optimal breath group
Describe a treatment for rate control.
Prosody/rate control:

1. reciting syllables to a metronome
2. Finger or hand tapping
3. Cued reading material.