Mountain pine beetle

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  • Ponderosa Pines

    Bark beetle outbreaks are often fueled by drought and fire-damaged trees, killing more trees and exacerbating the effects of climate change (CFPC 2015). This paper will be focusing on the decline of one of California’s most abundant species, the Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa). Ponderosa pine trees have a wide range and can be found throughout the western United States, southern Canada, and northern Mexico (Little 1971). Here in California they primarily occupy mountainous regions but have been found in elevations ranging from sea level to 10,000 ft. depending on latitude (Oliver and Ryker 1990). Ponderosa pines are susceptible to further decline as we continue to see increases in temperature and drought in California. It is inevitable that we will continue to see changes in our forest structures so long as we continue to manipulate and influence the natural world. However, what will these changes mean for the health and well-being of humans and wildlife? P. ponderosa is a beautiful tree that provides scenery, solace, and enjoyment to humans and crucial habitat for birds, mammals, insects, and associated understory plant species. Future forest management decisions depend on thorough interdisciplinary solutions to major problems like the bark beetle attacks and…

    Words: 1744 - Pages: 7
  • Drought In Canada Essay

    The more greenhouse gases the trees release will in turn to create stronger effects for the global warming. Second of all, the insect outbreak is also affected by global warming. The survival of insects and diseases is largely depend on climate. Due to the warmer and wetter conditions by climate change, the amount of pests is rising and spreading. With reference to one article, the size and severity of mountain pine beetle outbreak is associated with climatically favorable habitat increased due…

    Words: 1014 - Pages: 5
  • Issues Of Climate Change

    And it does in severe ways. For one, climate change is melting glaciers. You may think, what does this have to do with humans besides a little warm temperate? A lot. One of the main reasons being that about 400 million people worldwide depend on mountain glaciers as a water source. Glaciers are crucial for life support in villages such as villages in the Zanskar valley where they get just half an inch of rain a year due to cold temperatures. Not only do the glaciers serve as drinking water but…

    Words: 1054 - Pages: 5
  • Forest Fire Benefits

    plant, the toadflax is preferentially avoided by the local fauna and this results in this plant out-competing the native species in the region. One of the benefits of intermittent forest fires is to clear the land of such exotic species. This provides the native species the survival edge to repopulate the burnt out forest area and flourish. Natural forest fires also provide the high temperatures required for some plant species to disperse their seeds rapidly. For example, Jack pines (Pinus…

    Words: 1690 - Pages: 7
  • Caribbean Sugar Trade

    ID#: _810275_ The Success of the Sugar Trade Think of the last time you had sugar. Was it yesterday, earlier today, or even just a few minutes ago. Sugar is such an immense part of our everyday lives and it's hard to think about not having it around. Cane sugar is a member of the grass family and was the kind of sugar produced in the Sugar Trade. The British sugar industry began in 1655 in Jamaica and spread from there. Cane sugar grows best in humid, hot, and tropical areas so places like the…

    Words: 977 - Pages: 4
  • Gall Fly Lab Report

    lay their eggs at the tip of goldenrod shoots which hatches into the larva during the summer. The larva bored into the plants stem and begins forming a gall. The galls reach their full size at the end of the summer while the larva matures throughout the year. This is when predators start to attack the goldenrod and feed on the fly larvae within the gall. These predators include parasitoid wasps (Eurytoma gigantea and E. obtusiventris), the beetle (Mordellistena unicolor) and birds specifically…

    Words: 2016 - Pages: 9
  • Gymnosperms Research Paper

    are keystone species, community ecology tends to focus on this group of Angiosperms. A staple example can be found in Lanner’s (1996) book, aptly titled Made for Each Other: A symbiosis of Birds and Pines. Here, Whitebark pine acts as a keystone species, and has an intricate relationship with Clark’s nutcrackers (fig. 4). Whitebark pine seeds can only be dispersed when an animal carries it away. This is done by two animals: Red Squirrels and Clark’s nutcrackers. Clark’s nutcrackers hide small…

    Words: 1409 - Pages: 6
  • To The Pine Tree Analysis

    day. Whether it the temperate conditions outside or actual concrete matter, you are impacted in a great way. This can be seen in the poems Thanatopsis by William Bryant on page 123 and To the Pine Tree by Jane Schoolcraft on page 162. There are many similarities and differences that can be noticed between the two poems. Despite having more differences such as themes and overall poem structure; there are similarities as well; such as, the joy or gladness nature provides to people and also the…

    Words: 723 - Pages: 3
  • Unburned Research Paper

    Out of all, the burned area showed a significant increase in longleaf pines, (Pinus Palustris) and a decrease in woody species, compared to the unburned area. In fact, it jumped from a frequency of 15 in the unburned area to a frequency of 50; which is two times that of the burned area (see figure 1). Compared to all other species of tree, Pinus Palustris experienced the most increase of frequency. Whereas, Pinus Clausa or sand pine, was only present in the burned area showing that it was a…

    Words: 813 - Pages: 4
  • Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening Poem Analysis

    In Robert Frost's Poem "Stopping By Woods on A Snowy Evening" the speaker chooses to surround himself with the dangers of nature away from the comforts of society; whereas Tennyson's "The Lady of Shalott" is in a tower locked away from the beauties of society because of her own fears. As the speaker in Frost's poem secludes himself from society he notices the dangers around him and what they could potentially cause. In Robert Frost's poem "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" he describes a man…

    Words: 1129 - Pages: 5
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