Chronic myelogenous leukemia

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  • Philadelphia Translocation Research Paper

    producing a shortened chromosome 22, called the Philadelphia chromosome. Translocation takes place in a single bone marrow cell and, through the production of many cells from one mutant cell, it causes leukemia. It occurs when a reciprocal translocation happens during mitosis of cells that will become white blood cells. This exchange causes cancer, specifically chronic myeloid leukemia, by activating a gene that leads to uncontrolled cell cycle progression. The causes of the chromosomal abnormality are not fully understood, though it is hypothesized that exposure to benzene or very high doses of radiation may be significant risk factors. It is thought that the genetic disorder is acquired after birth. Philadelphia Translocation has extremely negative effects on those who have. Possible signs of CML include lack of energy, exhaustion, and shortness of breath or dizziness when walking or running. Unexplained weight loss, night sweats, fever, and pain and/or a feeling of fullness below the ribs on the left side may also be symptoms of CML. In many cases however, patients are asymptomatic and are diagnosed from a routine blood test. This will determine whether a patient has this form of leukemia. A patient diagnosed with philadelphia translocation or chronic myelogenous leukemia can expect to have a normal life span if a good response to the prescribed treatment is achieved and maintained. Treatments include targeted drugs, stem-cell transplant, biological therapy, and…

    Words: 710 - Pages: 3
  • Cancer Stem Cells Essay

    genetic instability and drug resistance, will also be associated with cancer stem cells (Jordan, et al. 2006). Therapeutic strategies that target cancer stem cells should eliminate tumors more effectively than current treatments and reduce the risk of relapse and metastasis. In various types of leukemia cancer stem cells, clearly identified biological properties of these stem cells have been found to have direct effects for therapy. Cancer stem cells are readily evident in chronic myelogenous…

    Words: 756 - Pages: 4
  • Physical Treatment: The Diagnoses Of Leukemia

    likely do blood work to determine the number of mature. The blood tests might show the person has leukemia, but not what type it is. A bone marrow aspiration test might be needed to check for the blood cells that cause leukemia and to see what type of leukemia it is. This test is done by inserting a large needle into the middle of hip bone to get a sample of the yellow spongy marrow. Other tests that may be performed is a spinal tap where you take a sample of the fluid that fills the spaces in…

    Words: 1859 - Pages: 8
  • Essay On Childhood Leukemia

    when humans cells start to grow rapidly and out of control. Leukemia is a type of cancer that’s starts to form early in blood-forming cells that are found in bone marrow, which are the soft inner part of certain bones. Childhood Leukemia is a very common disease found in children and adolescents. Toward the end of the `70s the break happened; the disclosure of new medications from the class of cytostatic and a reasonable concentrate on chemotherapy, as the main strategy for treatment gave the…

    Words: 2266 - Pages: 10
  • Benzene And Leukemia Case Study

    Benzene and leukemia Melonie Brown Columbia Southern University Introduction Benzene is a hydrocarbon that is highly flammable. The hydrocarbon is used in many industrial processes. Statistics indicate that it is among the top 20 chemicals that are widely used in different industries across the world. The substance has wide application in oil and gas industry. As a matter of fact, it is used in making various types of lubricants. Benzene can be formed through natural processes such volcano…

    Words: 1006 - Pages: 5
  • Noncommunicable Disease Research Paper

    abnormal cells will form a tumor, which will travel to neighboring tissues throughout the body and divide, forming new tumors, in a process known as metastasis. Cancers can develop practically anywhere in the body and are classified according to the tissues they affect. Cancers of the blood-forming organs are known are Leukemias, or “blood cancers”. Leukemia is a cancer that begins in the blood-forming tissue and floods the bloodstream with abnormal white blood cells. Most commonly, Leukemia…

    Words: 968 - Pages: 4
  • Argumentative Essay: Is Gene Therapy Worth The Risk?

    the treatment was worth the risk. Basically the “Bubble Boy” experiment was on children suffering from the bubble boy disease which is a severe combined immunodeficiency that can possibly lead to death (Vaughn, 260). Sixteen children suffered from this disease so the researchers decided to try out the new treatment on them, they received gene therapy for nine years (Vaughn,260). Fourteen of the kids who received this gene therapy treatment became better and the treatment showed excellent…

    Words: 1641 - Pages: 7
  • Informative Speech On Leukemia

    LEUKEMIA “You never know how strong you are until being strong is the only choice you have”stated Cayla Mills.We have a situation in our hands! An issue that needs to get solved. A common illness that searches for a cure. Leukemia a disease that affects humans and animals of all ages.A disease the we have yet to find a cure for,but have treatments for it. Now this…

    Words: 348 - Pages: 2
  • Characters In My Sister's Keeper By Kate Fitzgerald

    of two years old was diagnose at a young age with acute promyelocytic leukemia. Acute promyelocytic is define as cancer of the white blood cells. (Google) Her sister Anna Fitzgerald was conceived by means of in vitro fertilization. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex series of procedures used to treat fertility or genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from your…

    Words: 1495 - Pages: 6
  • Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Case Study Essay

    What is A.L.L. and its history? Acute lymphocytic leukemia, or known as A.L.L., was discovered in 1913. For leukemias, there are two main types, chronic and acute. Since this is an acute disease, it is very fast acting. If it goes untreated, then it can become fatal in as little as a few months. This type of leukemia affects, particularly, the bone marrow. It begins in the white blood cells located there, called leukocytes. Although it is primarily in the bone marrow, it does have the ability…

    Words: 1025 - Pages: 5
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