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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Giving worship to something or someone other than one, true God
Hellenization- The adoption of Greek ways and speech as happened in the case of Jews living in the Diaspora
Dead sea scrolls
Between 1947 and 1956 thousands of fm,fragments of biblical and early Jewish documents were discovered in eleven caves near the site of Khirbet Qumran on the shores of the dead sea. These important texts have revolutionized our understanding of the way the Bible was transmitted and have illuminated the general cultural and religious background of ancient Palestine , out of which both Rabbimic Judaism and Christianity arose.
Hebrew for " My Master" or " My Teacher." A rabbi became known as someone who was authorized to teach and judge in matters of Jewish Law.
wo long collections of Jewish, religious literature that are commentaries on the Mishnah the Hebrew code of laws that emerged about 200 CE
Subscribing to the doctrine or belief that there is only one God
Holy of Holies
The sanctuary inside the tabernacle in the Temple do Jerusalem where the Ark of the Covenant was kept.
From the Hebrew meaning "pious." a movement within Judaism founded in 18th century Poland where pious devotion to God is as important as study of Torah.
From the name Zion ( the historic land of Israel), it is the movement with origins in the 19th century that sought to restore a Jewish Homeland in Palestine in response to anti-Semitism
he type of biblical interpretation found in rabbinic literature, especially the Talmud's. Midrash assumes that the Scriptures provide answers for every situation and every question in life
A repository traditionally in or against the wall of a synagogue for the scrolls of the Torah.
a commandment of the Jewish law.
A candelabra with seven or nine lights that us used in Jewish worship.
A religious ceremony that symbolically end the Shabbat, usually recited over a kosher wine or kosher grape juice
The elevated platform in a Jewish synagogue where the person reading out loud from the Torah stands during the service
Meaning "doorpost," a small parchment containing Jewish Scripture, usually the Sh'ma, that is placed in a case on or near the right doorframe at the home of an observant Jew.
From the Hebrew word kaser, meaning "proper." Commonly, it refers to food permitted by Jewish dietary laws. Jews observe kosher laws to remind themselves that they are to be a holy and separate people
Hebrew for "calamity," it refers to the mass murder of Jews by the Nazis during World War II