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22 Cards in this Set

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John Locke:
August 29,1632 - October 28, 1704
English philosopher which was regarded as one of the most influential Enlightenment thinkers.
Thomas Hobbes:
April 5, 1588 - December 4, 1679
English philosopher remembered for his work on political philosophy. He was one of the main philosophers of materialism.
Federal Government:
A government with strong central powers.
Form of government, where a constitution guarantees basic personal and political rights, fair and free elections, and independents courts of law.
Unitary Government:
A form of government in which the powers of all provincial and local governments are specified by a single national government.
Above or superior to others.
An autocratic form of government which is ruled by an individual with unrestricted leadership by law.
Second continental congress:
A convention of delegates from the Thirteen Colonies that met beginning in May 10, 1775, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, soon after warfare in the American Revolutionary War had begun
The federalist (papers):
A series of newspaper essays written anonymously by Alexander Hamilton , John Jay, and James Madison.
Declaration of independence:
The document recording the proclamation of the Second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain.
Magna Carta:
An English charter, originally issued in the year 1215.
Three Fifths Compromise:
The southern and northern states decided to count slaves as part of the American population.
A political philosophy which opposes the concept of Federalism.
Implied Powers:
Powers exercised by the federal government of the United States that are not expressly delegated to it by the Constitution.
Delegated Powers:
Powers are powers the Constitution gives only to the national government not to the states.
Reserved Powers:
Powers that the United States Constitution does not give to the federal government, or forbid to the states, are reserved to the people or the states.
An alteration or change of something proposed in a bill.
Bill of Rights:
A formal summary of those right and liberties considered essential to a person or a group of people.
Checks and Balances:
Internal control mechanism that guards against fraud and errors due to omission.
Rule of Law:
A state of order in which event conform to the law.
Separation of Powers:
Constitutional principle that limits the powers vested in any person or institution.
Limited Government:
The basic principle of American Government which states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that cannot be taken away.