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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


A form of ruler ultimate authority was in the hands of the monarch who claimed to rule by divine right


A set of principles that dominated economic thought in the 17th century, in which the prosperity of a nation depended on a large supply of gold and silver

favourable balance of trade

A practice whereby and nations exported goods are of a greater value than those they import (thereby bringing in gold and silver)


The Russian word Caesar, in the 16th century, Ivan 4th became the first Russian ruler to take this title.


The Russian nobility

Cardinal Richelieu

Louis the 13th Chief Minister, strength and power of the monarchy, took away political and military rights of the Huguenots and transformed them into more reliable subjects, and crushed conspiracies and executed the conspirators

Cardinal Mazarin

At age 4 became chief minister one Louis the fourteenth came to throne in 1643, died in 1661

Jean-Baptiste Colbert

controller-general of finances

Frederick William

Great elector laid the foundation for the Prussian state


Members of Prussian landed aristocracy, also served as officers in the all-important army

Ivan the Terrible/ Ivan the IV

first ruler to take the title of tsar, crushed power of Russian nobility, stabs his own son to death in a heated argument

Michael Romanov

New tsar in 1613, begin new dynasty

time of troubles

after Ivan's dynasty, period of anarchy

Peter the Great

tsar that westernized Russia

Toleration Act of 1689

Granted the Puritans the right of free public worship