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16 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
In regards to deviance, what does a functionalist think?
Nip it in the bud, put someone in prison, throwaway the key, really concerned about everybody toeing the line properly.
Functionalists have to acknowledge that every society has some dysfunction. Why do we have dysfunction?
Anomie - people (small/large group) where they experience a sense of giving up (Ex: useless to obey the law). Social norms are weak/conflicting so people just give up. happens when there isn't good community involvement
Positive functions of deviance from a functionalists point of view
1. Deviance clarifies the rules.By punishing deviant behavior, society reaffirms its commitment to the rules.
2. Deviance unites a group. When deviant behavior is seen as a threat to group solidarity and they unite in opposition to that behavior.
3. Deviance promotes a social change. It may violate the norms to get them changed.
4. Deviance provides a safety valve. A bunch of discontented people that may do some minor deviance and strike out against the social order.
Theories within functionalist perspective:
- People feel strained when they are exposed to cultural goals that they are unable to attain because they do not have access to culturally approved means of achieving those goals.
Strain theory (by robert merton)
Merton says there are 5 ways in which people adapt to cultural goals
1. Conformity - accept the approved means
2. Innovation - occurs when people accept society's goals but they adopt disapproved means of getting them
3. Ritualism - occurs when people give up on societal goals but they still adhere to the socially approved means of achieving them
4. Retreatism - occurs when people abandoned both the approved goals and the approved means of achieving them
5. Rebellion - occurs when people don't want society says everyone is supposed to want and they won't go after it, but they also advocate alternative sets of goals and means
The _________ Perspective believes that when it comes to deviance, deviance is learned in the same way that conformity is learned, through interaction with others.
Symbolic Interactionist
What theory weighs the costs and benefits of doing something deviant?
Rational Choice Theory, Symbolic Interactionist Perspect
What theory states that deviance is a socially constructed process in which social control agencies designate certain people as deviants and they in turn come to accept the label placed upon them and begin to act accordingly.
Labeling Theory
transform moral and legal deviance into a medical condition
Medicaliztion of deviance - example alcoholic/addiction; symbolic interactionist
the people who often create the rules about what is deviant or conventional behavior
moral entrepreneurs
Conflict theorists (Conflict Theory) focus on what?
social inequality
Conflict theorists who focus on power relations in society suggest that lifestyles considered deviant by political and economic elites are often defined as ________.
The Conflict perspective says that the law defines and controls what two distinct categories of people?
1. Social Dynamite
2. Social Junk
people who have been marginalized in society, would include people who blow/stir things up - ex: rioters, label organizers, gang members, criminals
social dynamite
people who are members of stigmatized groups ex: welfare recipients, homeless
social junk
norms and laws are established from the views of those in ______ and do not reflect any standards of right and wrong