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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is the Scientific Method?
A set of steps scientists follow when problem solving.

EXTRA: Scientists generate new questions and carry out scientific investigations to find answers to these questions.
What is a GOOD question, and what must it NOT include?
A testable question. Must not be opinions, or about things that cannot be answered.

EXTRA: These questions are addressed through indirect, and direct observation.
What is a hypothesis? (Derp)
An education guess that could be a possible solution to the problem.
What is a Scientific Law?
A description of a pattern in the data. Something that can always be observed to be true.

EXTRA: A law NOTES something happens
What is a theory?
An explanation for a pattern in the data. It is something that can only be ASSUMED to be true. Explains WHY, and HOW something happens.

EXTRA: A theory is much more complex than a law.
What are Scientific Variables?
Factors that can be changed in an experiment.

EXTRA: There are two different types of variables.
What is an independent Variable?
A factor that can be changed by the person doing the experiment.
What is a dependent Variable?
The result due to the change in the independent Variable.

Basically the result of you fu**ing up.
What is the control
An item or group that the variable is compared to. Controls must be the same.
What is peer review?
The process in which several experts are given a topic to review each others work. The reviewers determine if the results and conclusions are worthy of all to see.

So don't screw it up.
What has to happen for a conclusion to be valid?
The conclusion must be tested and retested many times. Scientists use peer reviewers to determine if the conclusion is valid.

EXTRA: When Scientists determine the conclusion, they MUST use evidence to support their conclusion.

--[[I must say, these questions are quite self explanatory.]]--
What must scientists do during research?
Scientists must use many different sources of information, and must also evaluate the scientific accuracy and significance of the data.

Example: Anyone can put something on Wikipedia, even if the information is wrong, making it inaccurate.
What should you do when looking for a pattern in a graph?
Always look for the title, then look at what the x-axis, and the y-axis is labeled.

EXTRA: For many scientific graphs, the x-axis is "time".
NOTE: Science is used to develop new technologies. Unfortunately, new technology can also create new problems. Scientists must analyze both the positive, AND negative effects of new technology. Scientists consider the alternatives, risks, costs, and benefits before making any decisions about technology.
Dat's the TRUTH yo'!