Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/14

Click to flip

14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Benzene to benzene sulfonic acid
(Type of reaction, reagents and conditions)

Benzene to benzene sulfonic acid


(Type of reaction, reagents and conditions)

Sulfonation/Electrophilic substitution


Concentrated sulphuric acid


Heat under reflux

Benzene to benzene sulfonic acid

Benzene to benzene sulfonic acid

Sulfonation/Electrophilic substitution


Concentrated sulphuric acid


Heat under reflux

Benzene to bromobenzene
(Type of reaction, reagent, catalyst and conditions)

Benzene to bromobenzene


(Type of reaction, reagent, catalyst and conditions)

Bromination/Electrophilic Substitution


Br2(l)/Bromine


FeBr3 or Fe catalyst


Room temperature

Benzene to bromobenzene

Benzene to bromobenzene

Bromination/Electrophilic Substitution


Br2(l)/Bromine


FeBr3 or Fe catalyst


Room temperature

Benzene to chlorobenzene
(Type of reaction, reagent, catalyst and conditions)

Benzene to chlorobenzene


(Type of reaction, reagent, catalyst and conditions)

Chlorination/Electrophilic Substitution


Cl2(g)/Chlorine


AlCl3 catalyst


Room temperature/ Anhydrous Conditions


(Anhydrous because AlCl3 + H2O forms Al(OH)3 which is dangerous in high concentrations)

Benzene to chlorobenzene

Benzene to chlorobenzene

Chlorination/Electrophilic Substitution


Cl2(g)/Chlorine


AlCl3 catalyst


Room temperature/ Anhydrous Conditions


(Anhydrous because AlCl3 + H2O forms Al(OH)3 which is dangerous in high concentrations)

Benzene to nitrobenzene 
(Type of reaction, reagent, catalyst and conditions)

Benzene to nitrobenzene


(Type of reaction, reagent, catalyst and conditions)

Nitration/Electrophilic substitution


Concentrated HNO3


Concentrated sulphuric acid (acts as a catalyst)


Kept below 55 degrees

Benzene to nitrobenzene

Benzene to nitrobenzene

Nitration/Electrophilic substitution


Concentrated HNO3


Concentrated sulphuric acid (acts as a catalyst)


Kept below 55 degrees

Nitrobenzene to phenylamine
(Type of reaction, reagents and conditions)

Nitrobenzene to phenylamine


(Type of reaction, reagents and conditions)

Reduction


Sn and concentrated hydrochloric acid


Heat under reflux

Nitrobenzene to phenylamine

Nitrobenzene to phenylamine

Reduction


Sn and concentrated hydrochloric acid


Heat under reflux

Benzene to an alkyl group
(Type of reaction, reagent, catalyst and conditions)

Benzene to an alkyl group


(Type of reaction, reagent, catalyst and conditions)

Friedel-Crafts alkylation/Electrophilic substitution


Chloroalkane/RCl


AlCl3 catalyst


Heat under reflux in anhydrous conditions

Benzene to an alkyl group

Benzene to an alkyl group

Friedel-Crafts alkylation/Electrophilic substitution


Chloroalkane/RCl


AlCl3 catalyst


Heat under reflux in anhydrous conditions

Benzene to an acyl group
(Type of reaction, reagents, catalyst and conditions)

Benzene to an acyl group


(Type of reaction, reagents, catalyst and conditions)

Friedel-crafts acylation/Electrophilic substitution


Acyl chloride, RCOCl or Acid anhyride (RCO)2O


AlCl3 catalyst


Heat under reflux in anhydrous conditions



Benzene to an acyl group

Benzene to an acyl group

Friedel-crafts acylation/Electrophilic substitution


Acyl chloride, RCOCl or Acid anhyride (RCO)2O


AlCl3 catalyst


Heat under reflux in anhydrous conditions