Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Radiation therapy

Will destroy cell membranes.

When the cell membranes are destroyed, the cell will die.

Radiation therapy affects not only cancerous cells but also all nearby cells.


Some chemotherapy drugs will inhibit the normal function of spindle fibers.

Therefore, cells cannot proceed through metaphase or anaphase and will therefore die.

Most cells in the body are _______

quiescent (dormant or inactive)

These cells are not involved in cell reproduction and therefore, are not actively undergoing metaphase or anaphase where spindle fibers are functioning.

These cells generally are not affected by chemotherapy treatment.

Examples of quiescent cells:

Brain cells (nerve cells lack centrioles and cannot form spindle fibers)

Muscle cells

Labile cells

actively undergoing cell reproduction.

Therefore, these cells are heavily involved in spindle fiber activity.

Upon exposure to chemotherapy, the labile cells will die in the same manner as cancer cells.

Examples of labile cells:

Hair follicle cells - hence, hair loss during chemotherapy treatment

Leukocytes- hence, prone to infections during chemotherapy treatment

Chemotherapy function in two major manners:

1. inhibits spindle fiber activity

2. Enhances p53 activity in the healthy cells