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10 Cards in this Set

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If you are given the information that in order to vote in a presidential election, you must be at least 18 years of age, and that Will voted in the last presidential election, you can logically conclude that Will is at least 18 years old. This is an example of using ________ reasoning.
deductive
The validity of a syllogism depends on:
its form
Consider the following conditional syllogism:

Premise 1: If I study, then I'll get a good grade.
Premise 2: I didn't study.
Conclusion: Therefore, I didn't get a good grade.

This syllogism is an example of
denying the antecedent
The permission schema is an example of a(n):
pragmatic reasoning schema
Wally and Sharon are out on a date. When Sharon asks Wally where they should go for dinner, Wally says "My coworkers keep telling me about that new Japanese place downtown, so it must be a great place to eat." Wally's response illustrates the use of a(n):
availability heurist
Lydia is 48 years old, single, outspoken, and very bright. She majored in philosophy as an undergraduate. As a student, she was deeply concerned with issues of discrimination and social justice, and she participated in anti-nuclear demonstrations. Which of the following alternatives is most probable?
Lydia is a U.S. Congresswoman
Of the following real-world phenomena, the confirmation bias best explains the observation that people:
can cite several reasons for their position on a controversial issue but none for the opposing side.
People tend to overestimate
what negative feelings will occur following a decision more so than positive feelings.
Juanita is in a convenience store considering which soda to buy. She recalls a commercial for BigFizz she saw on TV last night. BigFizz is running a promotion where you look under the bottle cap, and one in five bottles has a voucher for a free soda. If Juanita decides to purchase a BigFizz based on this promotion, which is framed in terms of ________, she will use a ________ strategy.
gains; risk-aversion
PFC-damaged patients have trouble with reading comprehension tasks. They are unable to:
follow the order of events in the story