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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1. Experiments that argue against a special flashbulb memory mechanism find that as time increases since the occurrence of the flashbulb event, participants:
a. make more errors in their recollections.
2. Bartlett's experiment in which English participants were asked to recall the "War of the Ghosts" story that was taken from the French Indian culture illustrated the:
a. constructive nature of memory.
3. The experiment for which people were asked to make fame judgments for both famous and non-famous names (and for which Sebastian Weissdorf was one of the names to be remembered) illustrated the effect of ________ on memory.
a. source misattributions
4. Your friend has been sick for several days, so you go over to her home to make her some chicken soup. Searching for a spoon, you first reach in a top drawer beside the dishwasher. Then, you turn to the big cupboard beside the stove to search for a pan. In your search, you have relied on a kitchen
a. schema.
5. In the "sleep list" false memory experiment, false memory occurs because of
a. constructive memory processes.
6. The conclusion to be drawn from the man named Shereshevskii whose abnormal brain functioning gave him virtually limitless word-for-word memory is that having memory like a video recorder:
a. none of these
7. The memory-trace replacement hypothesis states that the misinformation effect occurs because:
a. MPI impairs or replaces memories formed during the original experiencing of an event.
8. In Lindsay's "misinformation effect" experiment, participants saw a sequence of slides showing a maintenance man stealing money and a computer. This slide presentation included narration by a female speaker who described what was happening in the slides as they were shown. Results showed that the misinformation effect was greatest when MPI presentation was:
a. auditory from a female speaker.
9. Stany and Johnson's "weapons focus" experiment, investigating memory for crime scenes, found that:
a. the presence of a weapon hinders memory for other parts of the event.
10. Which of the following statements is true of police lineups?
a. A sequential lineup increases the chance that the witness compares each person in the lineup to his or her memory of the event