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27 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Motivation
A need or desire that energizes and directs behaviour
Instinct
A complex behaviour that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned
Drive Reduction Theory
The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need
Homeostasis
A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level
Incentive
A positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behaviour
Hierarchy of needs
Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with physiological needs that must first be satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active
Glucose
The form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy for body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hunger.
Set Point
The point at which an individual's 'weight thermostat' is supposedly set. When the body falls below this weight, an increase in hunger and a lowered metabolic rate may act to restore the lost weight.
Insulin
Secreted by the pancreas, controls blood glucose
Ghrelin & Orexin
Trigger hunger
Leptin & PYY
Decrease Hunger
Basal Metabolic Rate
The body's resting rate of energy expenditure
Sexual response cycle
The four stages of sexual responding described by Masters and Johnson - excitement plateau orgasm resolution
Refractory period
A resting period after orgasm, during which a man cannot achieve another orgasm
Sexual Disorder
A problem that consistently impairs sexual arousal or functioning
Estrogens
Sex hormones, such as estrodiol, secreted in greater amounts by females than by males and contributing to female characteristics.
Testosterone
The most important if the male sex hormones, stimulates growth of male sex organs in fetus/characteristics in puberty
Sexual Orientation
An enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex or the other sex
Flow
A completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills
Industrial-Organizational Psychology
Application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behaviour in workplaces
Personnel Psychology
A subfield, that focuses on employee recruitment, selection, placement, development
Organizational Psychology
A subfield that examines organizational influences on worker satisfaction and productivity
Human Factors Psychology
Subfield that explores how people and machines interact, how they can be made easier
Structural interviews
Interview process that asks the same job-relevant questions of all applicants, who are rated on a scale
Acheivement Motivation
A desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of skills or ideas
Task Leadership
Goal-oriented Leadership that sets standards, organizes work and focuses attention on goals
Social Leadership
Group-oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict and offers support.