Instinct Theory

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Motivation can be defined by a persons’ ultimate desire and an end result of how a human is behaves. It is defined by a nature vs nurture. Nature is the bodily push, whereas nurture pulls from our thought process and culture. Motivation is broken down into four different perspectives. First, Instinct Theory, it is defined as genetically predisposed behaviors. Second, Drive-reduction theory, how one responds to our inner pushes. Third, Arousal theory, is finding the right level of stimulation. Last, Hierarchy of needs, is defined as priority of some needs over others. Homeostasis is defined by maintaining a balance or constant internal state. Incentives is defined as a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates ones’ behavior. Yerkes-Dodson law tell us that a moderate arousal would lead to optimal performance. The Hierarchy of needs is that we must begin with physiological needs that first must satisfied before a higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become active. Everyone has a feeling like that need to belong or be a part of something. Children that are moved from home to home feel like they can never be a part of something and have a tendency of knowing what it is like to be …show more content…
The James-Lange theory states that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli. Whereas the Cannon-Bard theory defines that an emotional-arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers, physiological responses and subjective experience of emotion. Another theory that was proposed by Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer called the two-factor theory. It states that the experience emotion one must be physically aroused and cognitively label the arousal. Each person is designed with basic emotions. Joy, anger, interest, disgust, surprise, sadness and fear is most present during the infancy stage of

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