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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Fundamental Attribution Theory

Tendency to attribute behavior to internal causes, (like traits such as laziness or intelligence) without regard to situational influences


A personal explanation or assumption of the causes of behavior or events we observe (ex: why the pizza guy is late)

Self-serving bias

The tendency to take credit for our accomplishments and explain away our failures and disappointments


Standards that define what is socially acceptable, rules that influence our actions and thoughts


Position in society defined by norms (Zimbardo prison study)


Doing or thinking because of real or imagined social pressure (Ashe study- People will agree with a wrong answer to be accepted by the group)


Doing or thinking because someone asked you to,acceding to the requests or demands of others (ex: pledging)


First asks for a small favor that will almost certainly be granted, then asking for a larger, related favor


Doing or thinking because someone in authority told you to, gets people to disobey with education and religion (Milgram study)

Milgram Study

People are led to believe "learners" are receiving electrical shocks following each wrong answer, shows people are willing to obey authority even to the extent of inflicting extreme pain


Takes away all normal values, loss of self-awareness with the actions of a crowd


Focused on getting minds to come to an agreement or to think alike- make people feel stupid if they disagree (ex: juries)

Diffusion of Responsibility

"Someone else is going to do it", may not be willing to get involved because it is "none of their business" *Kitty Genovese: raped and murdered in court yard and no one helped

Panic Disorder

Intense anxiety reactions called panic attacks (physical)

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Anxiety not limited to specific objects or situations, "What if"

Obsessive-compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Bothersome obsessive thoughts and compulsive rituals (thoughts and behaviors)


Mal-adaptive reactions to traumatic stress

Anxiety Disorders (4)

GAD, Panic disorder, OCD, PTSD

Mood Disorders (3)

Depression, mania, bipolar


Physiological component- lack of energy, loss of interest and pleasure


Physiological component, too much energy

Bipolar Disorder

Mood swings from extremely elevated moods to periods of deep depression (*85% depression, 15% mania*)

Personality Disorders (4)

Narcissistic, paranoid, antisocial, borderline


So into yourself, pushes everyone away

Antisocial Personality Disorder

Disregard for rules of society, lacks remorse, irresponsible and antisocial behavior

Borderline Personality Disorder

Unstable self image, trouble in relationships, lack of control


"Split brain/mind", disturbances in thinking, perception, emotions, and behaviors- false beliefs, hallucinations

Dissociative Identity Disorder

AKA multiple personality disorder, involves splitting or the self into alternate personalities

Catatonia (Catatonic Type)

A sub type of schizophrenia, bizarre movements and postures

4 Foundations of Prejudice

Ethnic identity, pride, stereotypes, and fear/lack of information


Bad behaviors for your body

Personal Emotional Distress

Know it's horrible but can't stop doing it


Shows everyone is diagnosable


Treats mood disorders, increases levels or neurotransmitters and serotonin


Relaxes, treats anxiety (valium, xanax)

Anti psychotics

Used to treat schizophrenia, does not cure but lowers levels of symptoms


Treats bipolar disorder


Goal is to make the unconscious, conscious

Systematic Desensitization

Rewards dealing with fear, uses relaxation as a response to fear, associates good things with fear