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13 Cards in this Set

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What are two psychological explanations to schizophrenia?

Cognitive approach and socio-cultural explanation.

What does Frith say about the cognitive approach?

Scz brains have faulty mechanisms that filter incoming stimuli. Too much stimuli = can't focus on or interpret information correctly.

The cognitive approach doesn't explain the cause of scz, just describes some symptoms in cognitive terms. What has this led to?

Information helps with treatment:


CBT and Milieu Therapy are both effective at treating symptoms.


If the treatment is effective it suggests a valid theory.

What is the socio-cultural explanation to scz?

This explanations focuses on social and cultural factors like family and social environment

What does Scheff's Labelling Theory suggest?

- social groups construct rules for members to follow


- scz symptoms (delusions etc.) = deviant behavior


- If displaying 'bizarre behavior' may be labelled as scz


- label acts as a self-fulfilling prophecy that promotes development of other symptoms (Comer)



What did Scheff find when he evaluated 18 studies relating to labelling theory?

13 studies were consistent with theory // 5 were not.

What was one study that supported labelling theory?

Rosenhan


- 'label' of scz was applied and this 'diagnosis' influenced the behavior of staff towards the patient

Life events and schizophrenia.

Occurrence of stressful life evnts is linked with schizophrenic episodes.

What did Brown and Birley find when researching the impact of life events?

50% of people experienced a stressful life events in the 3 weeks prior to a scz episode.

What dose contrasting research from Van Os et al say about life events?

No link between life events and onset of scz.


Patients who experiences a MLE = lower likelihood of relapse.


Suggests that link is only correlational.

What does the double-bind theory by Bateson et al suggest about scz?

Children who receive contradicting messages from parents = more likely to develop scz.


It prevent development of an internally construction of reality -- in the long run - manifests itself as scz symptoms.

What did Berger find about the recall of double-bind statements?

scz reported a higher recall of double-bind statements than non scz.




(memory may be affected by scz)

What did Liem find in regards to communication of scz patients?

No difference in parental communication in families with scz child compared with no scz child.