Cognitive Behavioral Theory Essay

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Cognitive behavioural theory can explain the aetiology of a number of psychological disorders. In the case of Molly, a 35-year-old woman diagnosed with schizophrenia a cognitive behavioural approach is also applicable to explain how the disorder developed. This essay will argue that both cognitive and behavioural models contribute to the manifestation of schizophrenia in some individuals and not others. This assertion is supported by vast empirical research on how both theories contribute to symptomology and eventual diagnosis. A discussion of the strengths and weakness of the cognitive and behavioural approach’s is also provided.

The cognitive model of schizophrenia provides insight into how some individuals develop schizophrenic symptoms as a result of impaired thought processes. The positive symptoms of psychosis are developed through cognitive and affective change or disturbed affect alone (Garety, Kuipres, Fowler, Freeman, & Bebbington, 2001). The first path is the most prevalent, whereby a triggering event in a psychologically vulnerable individual results in disturbed cognitive processing
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Both cognitive and behavioural theories are also supported by CBT, which targets cognitive and behavioural disturbances, modifies beliefs contributing to psychological stress and stimulating higher cognitive functions responsible for impairments (Beck & Rector, 2005). The lack of sound quantitative support questions the validity of the theory as it has poor replicability. However, the model does have strengths; the methodology of the behavioural studies was performed on a trial-by-trial basis, suggesting the evidence was conducted for many different individuals and situations which strengthens the generalizability of the results as the target group was

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