• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

A condition where IgG and IgE levels are elevated. The severity of this infection depends on how many of the infectious parasite are in your body. When traveling via larval migration, they can cause pneumonitis in the lungs, as well as eosinophilic asthma. In severe cases, you can see lactose intolerance and bowel obstruction.

Ascaris lumbricoides (roundworm) infection

A heavy infection with this parasite will cause diarrhea, weight loss, weakness. Characteristic signs include a prolapsed rectum and growth retardation in children. Untreated infections may last anywhere from 4-8 years.

Trichuris trichuria infection

A parasitic infection whose symptoms include anal itching, inflammation of the vagina, and restless sleep. This disease can spread through family or other close-quarters living situations. Ova will appear on the peri-anal area after sleep.

Enterobius vermicularis (pin worm) infection

A parasitic infection whose symptoms include mild to moderate allergic reaction, pneumonitis (in severe cases), gastrointestinal problems in adults, and chronic infections due to loss of blood. Acute GI hemorrhage can occur in rare cases.

Hookworm infection

A parasitic infection caused by accidental exposure to Toxocara canis, a dog parasite. This form of the disease occurs mostly in preschool children. The larvae will invade vital organs. There will be various symptoms such as fever, anorexia, weight loss, cough, wheezing, rashes, hepatosplenomegaly, and hypersinophilia. Death can rarely occur as a result of vital organ damage/stress.

Visceral Larvae Migrans

A parasitic infection caused by accidental exposure to Toxocara canis, a dog parasite. This form of the disease is characterized by the worm forming various ophthalmologic lesions. This can occur in older children and young adults primarily. This disease may be misdiagnosed as retinoblastoma and may lead to blindness.

Optical Larvae Migrans

A parasitic infection whose symptoms include cough, epigastric pain, diarrhea, increased eosinophils. Generally, medical laboratory scientists will identify this disease by finding rhabditiform larvae from freash stool/duodenal aspirates.

Strongyloides stercoralis (threadworm) infection

A parasitic infection whose symptoms include violent abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting within hours of ingesting the larvae. Occasionally, larvae may be coughed up. If the larvae pass into the bowel 1-2 weeks following infection, a severe eosinophilic granulomatus response may occur, causing symptoms of Crohn's/ulcers.

Anisakiasis simplex infection

A parasitic infections whose symptoms include two stages. The intestinal stage will appear as gastroenteritis and/or diarrhea with/without abdominal pain. Themuscular stage will present with fever, edema, increased IgE, muscle pain, CNS issues, and destruction of muscular tissue.

Trichinella spiralis infection

A condition caused by a parasite that burrows itself into the skin of the victim and produces an egg before dying. The local reaction to the bite may include infection/gangrene. Auto-amputation of the affected area is possible. Treatment includes removing the parasite.

Jigger flea infestation

A parasitic infection whose light infestations cause moderate itching of the scalp due to sensitization of larval saliva. Heavy infestations may result in fever, headaches, and secondary infections. Diagnosis of this disease is generally performed by finding any of the life stages on the victim.

Head lice infestation

A parasitic infection where the parasite infests widely spaced, coarse hair (i.e. pubic hair in adults, eyelashes in children). Symptoms include severe itching in the genital area. Diagnosis includes finding a live parasite on the individual.

Pubic lice infection

A disease characterized by a parasite who lives in the walls, in floorboards, in cracks, in paintings, and in other various dark areas. Starving parasites will seek out CO2 emitting organisms and take a blood meal, which can cause itchiness, swelling, and a generalized allergic response.


An infestation of fly larvae (general term).


An infestation of a specific fly's larvae which will bury itself into living tissue to take a blood meal, then exit the body and form into a fly whose eggs end up on/in a blood-sucking vector fly.

Bot Fly infection

An infection with a rickettsia transmitted by a parasite. Clinical symptoms include headaches, multiple rashes, swollen glands, fever, and flu-like symptoms.

Tick typhus (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever)

An infection caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, transmitted by parasitic vectors, and whose symptoms include rashes, fever, joint and muscle pain, and arthritis.

Lyme disease

A parasitic infection that is caused by the sensitization of the patient to the parasite. This disease causes a rash, which may cause a doctor to order a skin scraping to look for this parasite.

Scabies mite infection

A non-parasitic arthropod whose venom is a neurotoxin. Their bite will cause an acute, painful reaction that can be fatal to children.

Black widow

A non-parasitic arthropod whose venom causes inflammation with in an hour of the bite, followed by necrosis in the following 2-3 days.

Brown recluse bite