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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Intrusive thoughts, feelings or impulses that disturb the patient, that they try to resist
Thoughts or actions intended to help resist obsessions, to try & provide relief from the anxiety they provoke
Tools of diagnosis?
Psychological testing (personality/disorder tests); cognitive behavioural assessments (clinical interviews & reports); biological tests (CT, MRI, neurochemical)
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Used in the USA. Current version is DSM-5
International Classification of Diseases. Used by the UK. Current version is ICD-10
Advantages of classification?
1) Form of shorthand communication
2) Indicates a common cause
3) Leads to appropriate treatment/prognosis
4) Useful when assessing later improvements/deterioration
5) Useful in empirical research
Limitations of classification?
1) Labeling can lead to prejudice, stigma & it labels the whole individual
2) Individual differences; may lead to assumptions that all should be treated the same
Etiological Validity
Consistent causal factors
e.g. measles is caused by a specific bug
Concurrent validity
Other symptoms are found to be common amongst people classified the same
e.g. if those with Tourettes also had sleeping problems
Predictive validity
Successful prognosis (how the disorder is going to develop)
e.g. those with bipolar disorder react well to lithium carbonate, but those with unipolar do not - suggesting it is a separate disorder
Concurrent validity of OCD?
:( There are differences in opinion on the cause of OCD
Concurrent validity of OCD?
:) Other symptoms are found to be common
e.g. similar types of OCD - dirt checking, counting, etc.
Predictive validity of OCD?
:/ Most respond well to similar treatments, except ruminators
The likelihood that if a person has one disorder, they will have another
e.g. OCD & depression have a 60% co-morbidity rate
Reliability of OCD?
:) Consistent diagnosis
:) Clear methods of assessment
:) Standardised symptoms
:) Each manual is more reliable
e.g. DSM-2: 85 disorders, DSM-4: 297 disorders
DSM-4 current reliability: psychosexual +0.92; anxiety +0.63