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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

What is schizophrenia?

- a severe mental illness where contact with reality and insight are impaired, an example of psychosis

- 1% of population;men>women

- symptoms interfere with everyday tasks

What is the classification of mental disorders?

- process of organising symptoms into categories based on which symptoms cluster in sufferers

What is the ICD-10?

The World Health Organisation's International Classification of Disease edition 10

What is the DSM-5?

American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual edition 5

How does the classification of schizophrenia differ between ICD-10 and DSM-5?

DSM-5: one positive symptom (delusions/hallucinations) must be present

ICD-10: 2+ negative symptoms (flattened affect) must be present

- ICD-10: recognises subtypes of schizophrenia

What are the three subtypes of schizophrenia classified by ICD-10?

Paranoid schizophrenia: characterised by powerful delusions and hallucinations

Hebephrenic schizophrenia: characterised primarily by negative symptoms

Catatonic schizophrenia: disturbance to movement;suffer immobile/overractive

What are positive symptoms?

- atypical symptoms experienced in addition to normal experiences.

- include hallucinations and delusions

What are hallucinations?

- type of positive symptom of schizophrenia

- sensory experiences of stimuli that have no basis in reality/distorted perceptions of things

- e.g hearing voices/seeing things that are not there

What are delusions?

- type of positive symptom of schizophrenia

- beliefs that have no basis in reality e.g. sufferer is someone else or is a victim of a conspiracy (being Jesus)

What are negative symptoms?

- atypical experiences that represent loss of a usual experience e.g. clear thinking or 'normal' levels of motivation.

- e.g. avolition/speech poverty