• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is epistemology?
Theory of knowledge; the branch of philosophy that investigates how people know what they know.
Truth is determined by the individual or cultural group;
Qualitative perspective.
Truth is sought via replicable observation.
Positivist Paradigm
Objectivism; real reality, driven by natural laws, context minimized> surroundings are minimized in importance, aims to describe,predict, explain and control. Is the neutral observer
Constructivist Paradigm
Subjectivism; multiple realities, influenced by cuture and environment; context is emphasized; aims to describe, understand, transform a situation; ACTIVE PARTICIPANT
Qualitative Research is?
The study of research questions about human experiences. Often conducted in natural settings, and uses data that are words or text, rather than numerical.
What is the purpose of Qualitative Research Methods?
-guide nursing practice
-contribute to instrument developement
-build nursing theory
Key methods to Qualitative research?
-grounded theory
-case studies
-participatory action research
What is Enthnography?
A research approach designed to produce cultural theory.
Goal of the ethnographer?
To understand natives' view of the world.
In phenomenological research, researchers must acknowledge any previous information, ideas, or beliefs about a particular phenomenon before proceeding with the study. This is referred to as?
Data is collected in a phenomenological (subjective) study through a variety of techniques, which include?
Observation, descriptions written by subjects, and unstructured interviews.
The researcher provides information regarding decision-making during the steps of data analysis to interpretation of findings. this meets the criteria of?
Which group of social scientists has the greatest interest and commitment to discovery of cultural knowledge?
Observations recorded about the people, places and things that are part of the ethnographer's study of a culture are referred to as?
Field Notes
the phrase "researcher as instrument" is a fundamental characteristic of ethnography. This refers to?
the researcher's becoming immersed in direct observation and learning from members of cultural groups.
Data gathered in grounded theory research using field techniques, observational methods, and documents are examined and analyzed through a system referred to as?
Constant comparative method
The qualitative design used to study social processes and social structures and to develop theory:
Grounded Theory
voice of the perspective of members of a group:
The qualitative desing used to study the lived experiences of humans:
Random assignment controls for?
Selection bias
Another name for study weaknesses is?
The threat to internal validity that is most difficult to control is?
A nurse researchers is conducting a 6 week experiment to help a group of subjects control their smoking. During the study, a report appears in the media about a celebrity who has died of lung cancer. What threat to validity is quite likely present in this study?
The degree to which the study results can be applied to the larger popluation refers to :
External validity
Which type of design controls for the reactive effects of the pretest?
Solomon four-group.
What threat to internal validity is controlled when a researcher completes an experiment in a relatively short period to minimize developmental changes?
What threat to interanl validity is controlled when a researcher uses reliable and valid assessment tools or scales for rating or scoring to avoid bias?
A true experiment requires all of the following except?
double-blind procedures
Which of the following must be present in quasi-experimental research?
Manipulation of a variable
What is Etic view?
Researcher's interpretation of views about the human social life in a social science perspective.
What is Emic view?
Views of the participants or members of the social group.
What is Grounded Theory?
Theory that is constructed inductively from a base of observations of the world as it is lived by a selected group of people.
Grounded theory method
Is a research approach that uses a systemic set of procedures to arrive at a theory about basic social processes.
ability to change theory in light of new data.
a research approach that aims to describe experience as it is lived. A research method aimed at obtaining a description of an experience as it is lived in order to understand the meaning that experience for those who have it.
Phenomenology: Essence of Method
Description of the individual's lived experience.
Foundation of Phenomenology
Historical Method
The systematic compilation of data and the critical presentation, evaluation and interpretation of facts regarding people, events, and occurences of the past
Sample Size=Data saturation
How comprehensively and completely the research question(s) were answered.