• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

Card Range To Study



Play button


Play button




Click to flip

Use LEFT and RIGHT arrow keys to navigate between flashcards;

Use UP and DOWN arrow keys to flip the card;

H to show hint;

A reads text to speech;

62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Thinking, personality, sensations, movements, memory
Relay station for sensory impulses; pain
Body temperature, sleep, appetite, emotions, control of pituitary gland
Coordination of voluntary movements and balance
Connection of nerves (to the eyes and face)
Medulla Oblongata
Never fibers cross over, left to right and right to left; contains centers to regulate heart, blood vessels, and respiratory system
Neurotransmitter chemical released at the ends (synapses) of nerve cells
Afferent nerves
Carry messages toward the brain and spinal cord (sensory nerves)
Arachnoid membrane
Middle layer of the three membranes (meninges) that surround the brain and spinal cord
A type of glial (neurologic) cell that transports water and salts from capillaries
Autonomic nervous system
Nerves that control involuntary body functions of muscles, glands, and internal organs
Microscopic fiber that carries the nervous impulse along a nerve cell
blood-brain barrier
Blood vessels (capillaries) that selectively let certain substances enter the brain tissue and keep other substances out
Lower portion of the brain that connects the cerebrum with the spinal cord. The pons and the medulla oblongata are part of the brainstem
Cauda Equina
Collection of spinal nerves below the end of the spinal cord
Cell Body
Part of a nerve cell that contains the nucleus
Central Nervous System (CNS)
Brain and spinal cord
Posterior part of the brain that coordinates muscle movements and maintains balance
Cerebral Cortex
Outer region of the cerebrum; containing sheets of nerve cells; gray matter of the brain
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
Fluid that circulates throughout the brain and spinal cord
Largest part of the brain; responsible for voluntary muscular activity, vision, speech, taste, hearing, thought, and memory
Cranial Nerves
Twelve pairs of nerves that carry messages to and from the brain
Microscopic branching fiber of a nerve cell that is the first part to receive the nervous impulse
Dura Mater
Thick, outermost layer of the meninges surrounding and protecting the brain and spinal cord (Latin for hard mother)
Efferent Nerves
Carry messages away from the brain and spinal cord; motor nerves
Ependymal Cell
A glial cell that lines membranes within the brain and spinal cord and helps form cerebrospinal fluid
Collection of nerve cell bodies in the peripheral nervous system
Glial cell (neuroglial cell)
Cell in the nervous system that is supportive and connective in function. Examples are astrocytes, microglial cells, ependymal cells, and oligodendrocytes
Sheet of nerve cells that produces a rounded fold on the surface of the cerebellum; convolution
Portion of the brain beneath the thalamus; controls sleep, appetite, body temperature, and secretions from the pituitary gland
Medulla Oblongata
Part of the brain just above the spinal cord; controls breathing, heartbeat, and the size of blood vessels; nerve fibers cross over here
Three protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord
Microglial cell
Phagocytic glial cell that removes waste products from the central nervous system
Motor nerves
Carry messages away from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and organs; efferent nerves
Myelin sheath
White fatty tissue that surrounds, and insulates the axon of a nerve cell. Myelin speeds impulse conduction along axons
Macroscopic cordlike collection of fibers (axons and dendrites) that carry electrical impulses
Nerve cell that carries impulses throughout the body
Chemical messenger, released at the end of a nerve cell. It stimulates or inhibits another cell, which can be a nerve cell, muscle, or gland cell. Examples of neurotransmitters are acetylcholine, norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin
Oligodendroglial cell
Glial cell that forms the myelin sheath covering axons. Also called oligodendrocyte
Parasympathetic nerves
Involuntary, autonomic nerves that regulate normal body functions such as heart rate, breathing, and muscles of the gastrointestinal tract
Essential, distinguishing tissue of the nervous system; includes the brain and spinal cord. This is to distinguish it from surrounding tissues, such as the meninges
Peripheral nervous system
Nerves outside the brain and spinal cord; cranial, spinal, and autonomic nerves
Pia Mater
Thin, delicate inner membrane of the meninges
Later, interlacing network of nerves. Examples are lumbosacral, cervical and brachial (brachi/o means arm) plexuses. The term originated from the Indo-European plek meaning to weave together
Part of the brain anterior to the cerebellum and between the medulla and the rest of the midbrain (Latin pons means bridge). It is a bridge connecting various parts of the brain
Organ that receives a nervous stimulation and passes it on to nerves within the body. The skin, ears, eyes, and taste buds are receptors
Sciatic Nerves
Nerve extending from the base of the spine down the thigh, lower leg, and foot. Sciatica is pain or inflammation along the course of the nerve
Sensory nerves
Carry messages to the brain and spinal cord from a receptor; afferent nerves
Spinal nerves
Thirty-one pairs of nerves arising from the spinal cord. Each spinal nerve affects a particular area of the skin
Agent of change (light, sound, touch) in the internal or external environment that evokes a response
Connective and supporting tissue of an organ. Glial cells are the stromal tissue of the brain
Depression or groove in the surface of the cerebral cortex; fissure
Sympathetic Nerves
Autonomic nerves that influence bodily functions involuntarily in times of stress
Space through which a nervous impulse is transmitted from one neuron to another or from a neuron to another cell, such as a muscle or gland cell
Main relay center of the brain. It conducts impulses between the spinal cord and the cerebrum; incoming sensory messages are relayed through the thalamus to appropriate centers in the cerebrum
Vagus Nerve
Tenth cranial nerve; its branches reach to the larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, aorta, esophagus, and stomach.
Ventricles of the brain
Canals in the brain that contain cerebrospinal fluid
ar-pertaining to
Cerebrospinal fluid
al-pertaining to
Cerebral cortex
al-pertaining to
Cortical means pertaining to the cortex or outer area of an organ