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58 Cards in this Set

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Papilla
Any small nipple-shaped projection
Corpus Luteum
Empty ovarian follicle that secretes progesterone after release of the egg cell; literally means yellow(luteum) body(corpus)
Hysterectomy
Hyster-uterus, womb
ectomy-removal; excision
Parturition
Act of giving birth
Leukorrhea
Leuk-white
rrhea-flow;discharge
Menarche
Beginning of the first menstrual period during puberty
Retroflexion
Retro-backward
flex-to bend
ion-process
Preeclampsia
Condition during pregnancy or shortly thereafter, marked by hypertension, proteinuria, and edema
Laparoscopy
Lapar-Abdominal wall; abdomen
scopy-visual examination
Cauterization
Burning of abnormal tissue with chemicals or an electrically heated instrument
Adenexa Uteri
Fallopian tubes, ovaries, and supporting ligaments
Amnion
Innermost membranous sac surrounding the developing fetus
Areola
Dark-pigmented area surrounding the breast nipple
Bartholin glands
Small mucus-secreting exocrine glands at the vaginal orifice (opening to outside of the body)
Cervix
Lower, neck-like portion of the uterus
Chorion
Outermost layer of the two membranes surrounding the embryo; it forms the fetal part of the placenta
Clitoris
Organ of sensitive erectile tissue anterior to the opening of the female urethra
Coitus
Sexual intercourse; copulation
Cul-de-sac
Region in the lower abdomen, midway between the rectum and the uterus
Embryo
Stage in prenatal development from 2 to 8 weeks
Endometrium
Inner, mucous membrane lining of the uterus
Estrogen
Hormone produced by the ovaries; promotes female secondary sex characteristics
Fallopian Tube
One pair of ducts through which the ovum from which the embryo develops
Fetus
Stage in development from 8 weeks to birth
Fimbriae
Finger- or fringe-like projections at the end of the fallopian tubes
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Secreted by the pituitary gland to stimulate maturation of the egg cell(ovum)
Gamate
Male or female sexual reproductive cell; sperm cell or ovum
Genitalia
Reproductive organs; also called genitals
Gestation
Period from fertilization of the ovum to birth
Gonad
Female or male reproductive organ that produces sex cells and hormones; ovary or testis
Gynecology
Study of the female reproductive organs including the breasts
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
Hormone produced by the placenta to sustain pregnancy by stimulating (-tropin) the mother's ovaries to produce estrogen and progesterone
Hymen
Mucous membrane partially or completely covering the opening to the vagina
Labia
Lips of the vagina; labia majora are the larger, outermost lips, and libia minora are the smaller, innermost lips
Lactiferous ducts
Tubes that carry milk within the breast
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Hormone produced by the pituitary gland; promotes ovulation
Mammary Papilla
Nipple of the breast. A papilla is any small nipple-shaped projection
Menopause
Gradual ending of menstruation
Menstruation
Monthly shedding of the uterine lining. The flow of blood and tissue normally discharged during menstruation is called the menses (Latin mensis means month)
Myometrium
Muscle layer of the uterus
Neonatology
Branch of medicine that studies the disorders and care of the newborn (neonate)
Obstetrics
Branch of medicine concerned with pregnancy and childbirth
Orifice
An opening
Ovarian Follicle
Developing sac enclosing each ovum within the ovary. Only about 400 of these sacs mature in a woman's lifetime
Ovary
One of a pair of female organs (gonads) on each side of the pelvis. Ovaries are almond-shaped, about the size of large walnuts, and produce egg cells (ova) and hormones
Ovulation
Release of the ovum from the ovary
Ovum
Egg cell; female gamete
Perineum
In females, the area between the anus and the vagina
Pituitary gland
Endocrine gland at the base of the brain. It produces hormones to stimulate the ovaries
Placenta
Vascular organ that develops in the uterine wall during pregnancy. It serves as a communication between maternal and fetal bloodstreams
Pregnancy
Condition in a female of having a developing embryo and fetus in her uterus for about 40 weeks
Progesterone
Hormone produced by the corpus luteum in the ovary and the placenta of pregnant women
Puberty
Point in the life cycle at which the ability to reproduce begins; secondary sex characteristics appear and gametes are produced
Uterine Serosa
Outermost layer surrounding the uterus
Uterus
Hollow, pear-shaped muscular female organ in which the embryo and fetus develop, and from which menstruation occurs. The upper portion is the fundus; the middle portion is the corpus; and the lowermost, neck-like portion is the cervix
Vagina
Muscular, mucosa-lined canal extending from the uterus to the exterior of the body
Vulva
External female genitalia; includes the labia, hymen, clitoris, and vaginal orifice
Zygote
Fertilized egg cell