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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Rutter's Indicators

Severe marital discord, low SES, large family, parental criminality, maternal pschopathology, child placed out of the home.

Risk and Resilience: High Risk Babies Positive Outcomes

Werner and Smith

Experience fewer stressors following birth, easy temperament- high degree of social responsivity; good communication skills; consistent eating and sleeping patterns, stable support from caregivers

Risk and Resilience: Factors Related to Adolescent Stress Resistance

positive and nurturant relationship with others (including parents), easy temperament and positive outlook on the future, internal locus of control and good self regulation, active coping style, good social skills and social support, good cognitive skills (problem solving abilities) and intellectual abilities, hobbies/ activities outside of school.

Strength examples

ability, energy, knowledge, experience, fortitude, goodwill, integrity

Assumptions and Principles

Social workers responsibility to find and build on individual or group strengths

Assumptions and Principles

Resources are available, can be mobilized if individual is creative

Assumptions and Principles

No one knows the full extent of an individuals ability to change, grow, and overcome problems

Assumptions and Principles

Social Worker should collaborate and take seriously client's goals and suggestions.

Person in Environment

Interaction between an individual and their environment

Key Systems

Individual, interpersonal, communal/societal, physical environment


Ability to respond effectively to biophysical, psychological, and social demands

Developmental Flexibility

Succeed within a changing environment

Rutter (1985)

Greater the number of risk factors a baby is exposed to, the greater chance they will have a negative outcome


Transactional view of PIE: person and environment continually influence each other over time.


Study of relationship between organism and their biological and physical environment

Goodness of Fit

balance of individuals needs, capacities, and goals with their social and physical environment.


Relationship between individual and their environment


Thoughts, behaviors, physical processes to deal with stress

Human Relatedness

Ideas about social and emotional loneliness and isolaton across lifespan

Relatedness and Competence

influence development of sense of direction (relative autonomy of external and internal pressure)

Identity and Self-esteem

arise from relationships with other people