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24 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Public Policy
An international course of action followed by a governmental institution or official for resolving an issue of public concern.
Political Culture
Widely held values, beliefs, and attitudes on what government should be.
Dual Federalism
Each level of government has distinct, independent, functions
Cooperative Feaderalism
All levels of government work together on both the development and implementation of policy
Commerce Clause
Artice 1, Section 8 of the constitution delegates to congress such powers as to tax and spend for the general welfare, to regulate interstate and foreign commerce to coin money, etc.
Arena shopping(Venue Shopping)
Those dissatissafied with government policy on one level can look else where for favorable actions and policies.
Policy formulation
Detailed pocess of using normative and emperical methods of defining a policy goal, exploring alternative to achieve the goal and then choosing a perfered policy solution
How are policy problems defined?
Not only by their objective dimensions, but also by their social constructs
How does a caustion relate to policy formulation?
The problem can only be fixed only when one know what causes it
Tractibilty
How difficult will the problem be fixed
Systemic agenda
All issues tha are commonly percieved by members of the political community as worthy of attention by both public and government authority
Institiutional agenda
The problems which are currently under consideration for action
Down's Issue Attention Cycle
The pre problem stage
Alarmed
Realized
Gradual
Policy Entrepreneur
Members of congress, interest groups representatives, agency officials and citizens who push policy proposals
Bottom-up policymaking
Refers to citizen or interest group impacts on policy formulation at the grassroots level
Stakeholder
An individual who has a stake in policy formulation and outcomes and may or may not be a client or prospective beneficiary of a particular policy
Reasons for studying public policy
theoretical- in order to better understand and explain how policies happen; political scientists develop models to facilitate explanations
Practical
In order to apply knowledge to solve practical problems
Political
In order to understand the resulting policies and how they came to be
Stages Model
Used as a mechanism by which to take part the policy making process in order to better understand its workings
Policy Analysis
The examination of empirical data to determine the influence of an implemenmtal policy
Problem Identification
The intitial stage in the heuristic of the policy making process
Policy Problems
A condition or situation that produces needs or dissatisfaction amoung people who then desire government action
Causation
What causes a problem is important to determine, otherwise remedies can be misguided