Define Public Policy (Give At Least One Example)?

1412 Words null Page
1. Define public policy (give at least one example)? Discuss and explain fully what is meant by the “context of public policy?” Describe the context(s) by which public policy emerges? List the theorists and explain (fully) each of their contextual perspectives of public policy? Which of these perspectives best seem to explain public policy context for you and why? Public policy, simply put, is the decisions or non-decisions made in response to a general problem, a problem-solving mechanism if you will. An example of such may be the controversy of same-sex marriage. The courts and the legislatures will take into account several factors that will ultimately contribute to the public good. The illegalization of prostitution is a public policy …show more content…
Two opposing approaches to public policy making have been proposed in order to attempt to explain the systems of policy decisions or non decisions, one by political scientist, Harold D. Lasswell and the other by professor emeritus of political science, Charles E. Lindblom. Lasswell’s theory is known as the rational decision-making approach, which is explained in his book, The Future of Political Science. This approach discusses seven phases of decision-making: the intelligence phase, the promoting or recommending phase, the prescribing phase, the invoking phase, the application phase, the appraisal phase, and the terminating phase. There have been oppositions and noted issues with Lasswell’s list, however. Essentially, it is pretty much impossible to be so thoroughly logical when assessing issues and concerns and this list simply cannot be effectively followed. Instead, many policy makers prefer to exercise the bounded rationality approach proposed by Nobel Prize winning economist, Herbert Simon in his book, Administrative Behavior. “Bounds” are essentially what people place on their decision. Ultimately, it is impossible for us as human beings to explore every single alternating when making decisions. Instead, we settle for satisfactory information rather than optimal information and we “saticfice” (satisfy/sacrifice) on our …show more content…
It is quite an intricate process, too. Though a policy or a law has ultimately been decided upon and passed, several other minor decisions must be made in regards to this law during the process of putting the greater decision into effect. These decisions essentially alter the greater decision to fit the opinions and say-sos of all relevant policymakers… politics. Such alterations can ultimately change the original decision in essence. Jeffrey Pressman and Aaron Wildavsky have defined implementation as, “a process of interaction between the setting of goals and actions geared to achieving them” (Borick, Layne, and Shafritz, 219). Simply put, implementation deals with the interaction between the setting of goals and actually carrying them out. The process of implementation involves multiple parties such as the administrators and the interest groups and several other contributors and actors who, throughout the entire process of policymaking and implementation, have varying opinions, strategies and

Related Documents