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22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the ability o the heart, blood vessels, lungs, and muscles to work together to meet the body’s needs
Physical Fitness
the ability of your heart, blood vessels and lungs to distribute nutrients and oxygen and to remove wastes
Cardio Respiratory Endurance
the capacity of a muscle or group of muscles to exert or resist force
Muscular Strength
the ability of muscles to keep working for an extended time
Muscular Endurance
the ability to use a muscle throughout its entire rang of motion
the amount of body fat compared to lean tissue, such as muscle and bone
Body Composition
chemicals produced in your brain that help to give you a sense of satisfaction and pleasure
nonstop, repetitive, strenuous physical activity that raises the breathing and heart rates
Aerobic Exercise
intense physical activity that lasts only from a few seconds to a few minutes during which muscles use up more oxygen than the blood can supply
Anaerobic Exercise
involves the contraction and relaxation of muscles through the full range of motion
Isotonic Exercise
muscles contract but very little body movement takes place
Isometric Exercise
involve moving a muscle through a range of motion against a resistance or weight that changes
Isokinetic Exercise
heart’s top speed
Maximum Heart Rate
the approximate heart rate you need to maintain during aerobic exercise in order to benefit from the workout
Target Heart Rate
a five to ten minute period of mild exercise that prepares your body for vigorous exercise
Warm Up
a period of milder exercise that allows your body and your heart rate to return slowly and safely to their resting states
Cool Down
a 24-hour cycle of behavior patterns that some living things, including humans, exhibit
Circadian Rhythm
AKA NREM sleep, when your eyes move very little and your body gradually reaches its state of deepest relaxation
Non Rapid Eye Movement
AKA REM sleep, rapid flickering of your eyes behind closed eyelids and a high level of brain activity
Rapid Eye Movement
difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep
a disorder in which breathing stops for short periods during sleep and then resumes suddenly
Sleep Apnea
a disorder of REM sleep in which one falls asleep suddenly without warning for short periods o time