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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


Fundamental building block of all organisms

What are most cells?

Most cells are single cell

Characteristics of Prokaryotic Cells

* simple

* no membrane bound nucleus

* small size

* single cellular

Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells

* complex

* nucleus is membrane bound

* membrane bound organelles

* larger sized

* multi-cellular

What can smaller cells do faster than larger cells?


3 Domains of Classification?

* Archaea

* Bacteria

* Eukaryotic

4 Kingdoms of Eukaryotic?


* Plantae

* Fungi

* Protista (protest)

Binomitails are what?

Scientific nomenclature; 2 Latin names

Scientific Nomenclature for humans

Homo sapiens; H. sapiens

Scientific Nomenclature of Cardinals

Cardinalis cardinalis; C. cardinalis

Scientific Nomenclature of stomach bacteria

Escherichia coli; E. Coli

Atoms and elements are what?

The same

What is the atomic mass?

# of protons & neutons

What is the atomic number?

# of protons

Carbon atomic mass and atomic number?

Atomic mass and atomic number of Hydrogen?

Atomic mass and atomic number of Nitrogen?

Atomic mass and atomic number of Oxygen?

What's a double bond?

What's a single bond?

What is an atomic nucleus

Atomic mass

What is a valence shell

Outer most shell of an atom

What makes up the 1st shell of valence shell

1st sphere orbital (2 elections per shell)

What makes up the 2nd valence shell?

1= 2s orbital

3= 2b oribitals


8 total

List the bonds from strongest to weakest

* covalent bonds

* ionic bonds

* hydrogen bond

* van der Waals interactions

Covalent bond characteristics

Strong, share electrons

Ionic bond characteristics

Slightly positive, two oppositely charged ions

Hydrogen bond characteristics

Weak water bond between two h2o molecules

Polar molecule characteristics

Shape water molecule with one one negative end and one positive end

Van der Waal interactions characteristics

Weakest bond, induced electrical interactions between two or more molecules

Is h2o organic or not?

They are not organic

What is CH4


Is carbon an organic molecule?

Yes, to be organic it must contain carbon.

What is C6 H12 O6?


How many atoms in a molecule?


How many atoms are in hydrogen, oxygen, and carbon?

Hydrogen has two atoms, oxygen has one atom, and carbon has 12.01 atoms.

What are hydrocarbons?

Hydrocarbons or a compound of hydrogen and carbon atoms; makes up the gases

List of hydrocarbons from weakest potential of energy to strongest potential of energy

Methane, Ethane, Propane, brutane, Pentland, became and octane

Kinetic energy is

The energy of motion

Potential energy is

Stored energy that has the potential to be change to kinetic energy

What happens when you create a bond?

Energy is used but when broken the energy is returned

Independent Variable

Stands alone (ex. Someone's age)


Constant and unchanged

Qualitative data

Info about qualities, can't be measured

Control group

Baseline measure


Experimental manipulation


Opinion not fact

Scientific law

Statement repeatedly proven

Scientific method

1. Observation

2. Ask ?

3. Hypothesis

4. Experiment

5. Results

6. Conclusion

Bar graphs

Show numeric data

Line graph

Data over time

Dependent variable

Depends on Independent, is what you measure



+ charge


- charge


Change of neutrons in an atom

Boiling point of water

100° C

Melting and freezing point of water



Receiving somethin in a solution


Being dissolved into solution

Solution is made of

Solvent and solute

Aqueous solution

Water is the solvent

Water found in what 3 states

1. Solid

2. Liquid

3. Gas


Water from solid --> gas


Water from gas --> solid


Water from solid --> liquid


Liquid --> solid


Water from liquid --> gas


Water from gas --> liquid

Types of Isomers

1. Structural: formulate how the are put together

2. Geometric: CIS (adjacent); TRANS (across)

3. Enantiomers: mirror image; R&S and L&D


1. Carbohydrates

2. Proteins

3. Lipids

4. Nucleic Acid

Ph Scale

0- 6.9 = ACID


7.1 - 14 = BASE

ACID formulation

H2O + H+

Base formulation

H2O + O+H-

Quanitive data

Can be measured