Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

73 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Developmental ages?

Babies/Toddlers (newborn - 2)

Preschoolers (3-5)

Kindergarten (6-8)

Elementary School (9-12)

Teenagers (13 - 18)

Babies/Toddlers, Development and Divorce

Need routine for eating, sleeping, play, toys, reduce stress because it affects everything

Preschoolers, Development and Divorce

Misplaced guilt, feel they are to blame

Behave too well, over-apologize, permission to stay with both parents, gender identity issues, look for role model of opposite sex, imagination and fears

Kindergarteners, Development and Divorce

Hard for divorce, wants to fit in, not seen as different, have a lot of guild/sadness, withdrawal and pressure on these kids

Elementary School, Development and Divorce

Kids get more angry, rebellion's normal, at this age kids see things as black and white, take sides, act out in peer relationships.

Teenagers, Development and Divorce

Really, really difficult, death of parent/sibling/parent comes before, shattering dreams, sexually active and drug use, withdrawal or depression, parents wrapped up in divorce and don't see symptoms.

Who can be a key figure in noticing issues with a child going through divorce?



Communication is key. Keep children out of the middle

Types of Legal Custody

Sole legal custody

Joint Legal Custody

Third party Custody

CASA custody

Sole Legal Custody

only one parent makes decisions and has physical custody. Other parent can see the child.

Joint Legal Custody

Both parents have to be consulted about decisions involving the child. Ongoing involvement with both parents.

Third party Custody

Relative or sibling makes decisions on behalf of the child.

CASA Custody

Volunteer, abused and neglected children have someone who supports them through group homes.

Gruber Standard

Three-prong standard that takes into account the needs of the custodial parent in relation to the child.

What are the three aspects to the Gruber Standard?

1. Thepotential advantages of the proposed move and the likelihood that it wouldsubstantially improve the quality of life of the custodial parent. Economicswere one consideration, but by no means the only one.

2. Themotives of the parent who wished to relocate as well as those of the parent whoobjected. The custodial parent should not be trying to frustrate the visitationrights of the non-custodial parent and should be willing to consider alternativevisitation arrangements. Furthermore, the non-custodial parent should bemotivated by a desire to continue and deepen the parent–child relationship.

3. Theavailability of visitation arrangements that would foster an ongoingrelationship with the non-custodial parent.

Alienated Child

A child who expresses strong negative feelings and beliefs towards a parent that are disproportionate to the child's experience with that parent.

Parental Alienation

- Close to one parent, expressing strong beliefs about not wanting to be with one parent.

- no abuse

- near rejection of one parent.

- exaggerated complaints against parent that don't make sense

- Fusion between non-alienated parent and child

How do you fix parental alienation?


What is Remediation?

Bring into therapy

Long lengths of time with child to resolve issues.

Parent goes to Parent Education

Andrea Yates?

Drowned her 5 children in a bout of postpartum depression, was severely imbalanced from meds and other outside factors. Was very delusional, drowned her kids to "send them to heaven and spare them from her own evil" Claimed that the devil was talking to her about hurting her children Claimed insanity in her 1st trial, this was rejected and she was sentenced to life. In her second trial, she was re-sentenced to spend time in a psychiatric ward.

Munchausen Syndrome

Dramatic but inconsistent medical problems

Unclear symptoms

Extensive knowledge of medical terminology

Predictable relapses

New symptoms after testing negative

Seeking treatment at many hospitals

Comfortable in hospitals

Could be from history of neglect/need for attention

Doctors have a hard time with it

Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy

a rare form of child abuse in which a parent (almost always the mother) consistently and chronically subjects a child to medical attention without any “true” medical condition or symptoms being present.

Symptoms STOP when parent is not around

Basically a child abuse diagnosis but very hard to prove


Used to treat depression

Postpartum Depression

Depressive episode brought on by childbirth

Types of Postpartum Depression

Baby Blues

Postpartum Depression


Baby Blues

25% to 75% -- two weeks to a month.

"not feeling as happy as I should" is normal and doesn't impair judgement


10% -- mood disorder, doesn't last long based on hormones

Uncontrollable crying, feelings of guilt/worthlessness, lack of interest in baby

Can turn worse very quickly, hormones are fluctuating.


1% - 2% -- become psychotic and have no control of what they are doing.

Hallucinate, delusional, periods of mania, thoughts of harming self/baby, irrational guilt, refusing to eat, insomnia, not telling anyone

Did not know the difference between right and wrong

Higher risk as they have more children If you have bipolar diagnosed the first time, @ very high risk, stringently followed by psychiatrist.

Battered Women's Syndrome

a cluster of behavioral, cognitive, and emotional features that believed to be frequently found in women who have been battered and psychologically abused over a period of time by their partners.

Percentage of battered women with PTSD

Up to 60%

Battered Women's Syndrome -- Traits

Don't feel safe at home,

Traumatic bonding experience with abuser

Insecure attachment and passivity

Learned Helplessness Theory

mentalstate in which an organism forced to bear aversive stimuli, or stimulithat are painful or otherwise unpleasant, becomes unable or unwilling to avoidsubsequent encounters with those stimuli, even if they are “escapable,”presumably because it has learned that it cannot control the situation.

Victimized Men -- Learned Helplessness

Feel as if they can make it work if they stat

Protective element for children

Would win in custody battle

Feel as if there is a culprit other than women (drugs, alcohol)

Feels as if they are dangerous if they fight back

Stockholm Syndrome

feelings of trust or affection felt in certain cases of kidnapping or hostage-taking by a victim toward a captor.

Child Sex Offenders -- Traits

Previous mental issues


Low self-esteem


Can't Handle adult relationships

Insufficient white matter in brain

Cognitive Distortion

CSA vs Rapists

-More sexually abused as a hcild

-Early exposure to porn

-Early onset masturbation

-Maybe anxious attachment to parent


Repetition of criminal behavior.

Recidivism and CSA

Child sex offenders have a higher rate of reoffending than rapists. After age 50, recidivism rates go down.

Female Sex Offenders

Heterosexual or homosexual nurturers

Usually teachers or mentor figures

Rapists and Characteristics

Cruel to animals

Experienced emotional abuse

Exposure to parental violence

Maybe avoidant parental attachment

The Massachusetts Treatment Center Rapist Typology






Naïvecognitions or beliefs

Treatment Options -- CSA, Rape, etc

Evocative Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Education Groups

Medical Castration


Family Therapy

Evocative Therapy

Understanding causes/motivation of behavior, increasing empathy for victims

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Trying to change someone's thoughts.


Anti-androgen and anti-depressants

Family Therapy

Cases of Incest

Juvenile Sex Offenders

under 18, usually sexually abused themselves

Online Sex Offenders

victims usually aware of person's age

used to find young girls

teens usually very vulnerable w/ difficult past or current situation

Campus Sexual Assault

20 - 25% of campus population are victims

rape is very hard to prove in court

How many cases of rape are premeditated?

60%, characteristic of serial rapist

Types of rape attacks




Con (attack)

impersonating someone to commit, have an ability to interact with victims

Blitz (attack)

direct injury and physical assault to injure victim

Surprise (attack)

waiting for victim, knowledge of whereabouts of victim, usually no physical injury


Get more violent and offend more

Post Offense

some feel remorse or guilt, may take drugs and alcohol, revisit crime scene, same area offending


Considered psychological disorder in DSM-5, recurrent sexual fantasies about young children (under 13)

Types of pedophila

exclusive type

non-exclusive type

Exclusive pedophila

attracted to only children

Non-exclusive pedophila

attracted to children and adults

Pedophila becomes a crime when...

the person acts on their impulses


when the child being assaulted is a relative. Father-daughter most commonly reported.

Most prominent age group for pedophilic offenders

35-40 years of age.

Traits of exclusive type pedophilia

less socially competent


lack interpersonal skills

do not take responsibility for their actions

Massachusetts Treatment Center Typology (MTC: CM3) Child Molester to the 3rd degree

0. High fixation, low social competence

1. High fixation, high social competence

2. Low fixation, low social competence

3. low fixation, high social compentence

High fixation, low social competence

socially immature,

likes hanging out with younger people,



feel the most comfortable with children,

rarely married ,

usually steadily employed,

rarely aggressive,

fondling, touching,

hardest to treat

High fixation, high social competence

not lonely,

high self esteem

good work history

low fixation, low social competence

likely non-exclusive,

normal adolescence,

normal peer relationships

maybe married

later on feel socially inadequate,

often offend under influence of alcohol

history of poor employment

prefer strangers and female victims.

low fixation, high social competence


does very well in the work world


have good family relationships

more exploitative with their power

Growth Typology

looks at pattern of offending.

1. immature and fixed

2. regressed

Immature and fixed

really only prefer kids


act when they are stressed

cognitive distortion (child sexual assault)

inability to see that actions negatively affect a child, might make up excuses to justify behavior.